What Is Bladder cancer?
A flexible, hollow pouch in one’s pelvis is referred as the bladder. The bladder is the organ which contains urine before it is eliminated from the body. Urine is formed by kidneys and then tubes known as ureters transfer it to the bladder.
Bladder cancer is resulted due to the excessive cell growth in the bladder and it cannot be controlled. Hence, a tumor is formed with the time. These cells can also affect the nearby tissues and fats. In some serious cases, cancer might spread to body parts like liver, lungs, bones, and lymph nodes. It is more prevalent in men than women.
Bladder cancer can be of various kinds, such as:
- Urothelial carcinoma
- Squamous cell carcinoma
- Other rare types of bladder cancer may include pheochromocytoma, sarcoma, and small cell cancer.
Bladder cancer and bladder cancer spread to other body organs can be diagnosed by various tests and scans. Such tests are as follows urine tests held in labs (urine tumor marker test, urine culture, urine cytology, and urinalysis), cystoscopy, Transurethral resection of bladder tumour (TURBT), biopsy, imaging tests, intravenous pyelogram, Retrograde pyelogram, Computed tomography scan, MRI scans, chest x-rays, ultrasounds and bone scans.
What Are The Symptoms Of Bladder cancer?
A few prominent symptoms that are visible in the case of bladder cancer:
- Blood can be witnessed in urine: One of the earliest and prevalent signs of bladder cancer is the visibility of blood in urine. This sign of bladder cancer is normally over looked by the people and the reoccurrence of the appearance of the blood may take weeks to months. This symptom is ignored by women as they relate this with menopause or menstruation.
- Symptoms similar to that of UTI: People often confuse the signs of bladder cancer with that of UTI. It is because some of the symptoms are similar. Such Signs are urinary inconsistency, pain while urinating, feeling the urge of urination, and an increase in the urination frequency.
- Unexplainable pain: The advanced bladder cancer patient may experience pain. The pain may be felt in the pelvis, abdomen, or flank area. Pain is also experienced in the bones when the cancer cells are spread to the bones. Lower back aches can also be felt.
- The decrease in the appetite: Loss of appetite is one of the most prevalent symptoms of any cancer and same is the case with bladder cancer. People suffer from extreme weight loss in some of the cases. Also, they might feel weak and exhausted.
What Are The Causes Of Bladder cancer?
Bladder cancer causes are not confirmed by doctors but some of the risk factors are there that can elevate the chances of bladder cancer. Such risk factors are as follows:
- Family history, race, and genetic makeup: If someone from your family has/had bladder cancer, then you are more vulnerable to the disease. White men are more prone to bladder cancer.
- Chronic inflammation in bladder: If one is suffering from reoccurring bladder infection or Irritation persists in the bladder for a long duration of time, then the risk of bladder cancer is high.
- Smoking: When a person inhales the fumes of tobacco, he/she is inhaling certain type of hazardous chemical. These toxins may build up in one’s bladder over the time. Some of the toxins are eliminated through the pee but may destruct the bladder’s lining.This can increase the risk of bladder cancer.
- Working with toxic chemicals: People working truck drivers, hairdressers, printers, machinist, painters, and people working in certain chemical industries are more vulnerable to bladder cancer. If exposed to such chemicals for a long time, then chances of bladder cancer are high.
- Taking a few medicines of diabetes: If a person has been taking medicines like pioglitazone for about more than a year, then the chances of bladder cancer may increase. Some medicines of diabetes may also consist of pioglitazone (Duetact and Actoplus), which can also cause bladder cancer.
- Prior radiation or chemo therapy: If one has received radiation therapy in past to the pelvis area, then the chances of bladder cancer increases. Similarly, when chemo medicines like cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan) are taken for a long duration, it may make a person prone to bladder cancer.
- Infestation and infection: Parasitic worm infection may be one of the major causes of bladder cancer. This mainly causes squamous cell carcinoma. The occurrence of this bladder cancer is rare and it is prevalent in countries with the high rate of parasitic infection like the Middle East and Africa.
What Are The Things One Should Do To Manage Bladder cancer?
Some of the things to follow to prevent bladder cancer are as follows:
- Avoid coming in contact with an aromatic amine: Certain chemicals that are present in paints, printing, textile, and leather and rubber industries should be avoided. If one works in such industries, then he/she must take proper safety measures like wearing masks and wearing gloves etc.
- Get your water supplies tested for arsenic: One should get their water supplies tested for arsenic and get the water treated if arsenic is found in the water.
- Manage one's weight: Obese people are at higher risk of developing bladder cancer. Hence, one must try for weight management. BMI (body mass index of a woman should be less than 40 as higher BMI increases the chances of bladder cancer by 60%.
What Are The Things One Should Avoid To Manage Bladder cancer?
Some practices that one should completely avoid preventing bladder cancer are as follows:
- Do not use hair dyes: Excessive usage of hair dyes may increase the risk of bladder cancer. Hence, it should be avoided.
- Do not use tobacco: One should avoid both chewing and smoking tobacco as this is one of the prevalent risk factors of bladder cancer.
What Are The Best Foods For Bladder cancer?
Some of the foods that one should consume in order to prevent bladder cancer are as follows:
- Omega-3 fatty acids rich foods: Omega-3 fatty acid is a vital nutrient that is available in fishes and some plants. A proper balance of omega-3 fatty acids and omega-6 fatty acids is good for health. Many studies have proved that omega-3 fatty acids prevent several kinds of cancers and bladder cancer is one of them. Some of the omega-3 rich foods that one must take to prevent bladder cancer are spinach, soya bean, sea foods, walnuts, flaxseeds, fish oil, chia seeds, fatty fish, fish roe, etc.
- Selenium rich foods: there is a mineral known as selenium that is present in some foods, water, and soil. It plays a vital role in a lot of metabolic pathways. Many studies have suggested that low selenium level in the human body may increase the risk of cancer development. One must avoid selenium, if allergic to selenium containing products or if one has suffered from other cancer like nonmelanoma skin cancer. Some of the selenium rich foods that one can consume to prevent bladder cancer are chicken, beef liver, turkey, sardine, grass-fed beef, halibut, yellowfin tuna, Brazil nut, spinach, and eggs.
- GreenTea: There are anti-carcinogens present in green tea, which are known as EGCG (epigallocatechin gallate). Hence, drinking green tea can decrease the risk of bladder cancer. According to the report of University of Maryland medical center, the survival rate of the bladder cancer patients boosts up significantly after consuming green tea on regular basis.
- Tomatoes: An element called lycopene is present in tomatoes. Lycopene is one of the most significant elements to fight cancer. Hence, tomatoes help in fighting bladder cancer. One can consume fresh tomato juice as well; it is preferred over the packed ones.
- Vitamin E rich foods: Consuming vitamin E containing food can prevent the chances of bladder cancer approximately by 40%. Almond is one great source of vitamin E that one can eat to avoid bladder cancer. It was a lot of antioxidants as well. Some of the other vitamin E rich foods are wheat germ oil and olive oil.
- Cranberries: Cranberries are beneficial for overall bladder health. Cranberries are enriched with properties that build a shield of thermodynamic energy, which helps to keep the virulent bacteria away from the bladder walls.
- Pears: This fruit is highly alkaline in nature, which helps to balance to an acid formation in the bladder. Hence, promoting the overall bladder health.
What Are The Worst Foods For Bladder cancer?
Certain foods that one must avoid when prone to bladder cancer are as follows:
- Processed meat: One should avoid processed meat when vulnerable to bladder cancer. As a study has shown that the chances of bladder cancer increase by consuming process meat, mainly red meat. Some of the processed meats that one should avoid preventing bladder cancer are ham, bologna, pepperoni, and sausages.
- Phosphorus rich foods: According to the same Belgium study, it is proven that phosphorus containing foods adversely affect and causes bladder cancer. Phosphorus rich foods that one must avoid carbonated beverages, baking powder, etc.
What Are The Medicines For Bladder cancer?
What Are The Tips To Manage Bladder cancer?
- One must stay away from all the bladder cancer causing agents and working environment like chemical industries.