What Is Body dysmorphic disorder?
Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD) is considered as a mental disorder in which an individual is associated with an imagined physical problem that other persons can’t see. By affected with this situation, they think themselves as ugly. They often try to avoid social get together and try plastic surgery in order to improve their overall appearance.
This disorder is associated with some features such as Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder and eating disorders. An individual who is suffering from eating disorder always worries about weight gain as well as the shape of his/her figure. It is mostly seen in body dysmorphic disorder that the patients are generally concerned about their particular body parts.
People associated with the Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) are linked with various uncontrolled distressing thoughts, obsessions, and fears. The people, who are associated with body dysmorphic disorder, are very conscious about their appearance. So, always they are busy with their look by standing in front of the mirror or picking at their skin. They are so obsessed with their minor defects that it can hamper their home, work, and social functioning.
The most common areas for which a body dysmorphic disorder patient is so much obsessed include skin imperfections such as scars, wrinkles, blemishes, and acne, as well as head and body hair along with the absence of hair, facial features, muscle tone, and body weight. Body odors can also be a reason for obsession. Many such sufferers also feel obsessed about the size of their breasts, thighs, muscles, buttocks, etc.
What Are The Symptoms Of Body dysmorphic disorder?
Some warning signs and symptoms that can be seen in a body dysmorphic disorder patient are as follows:
- They are always engaged in time-consuming and repetitive behaviors such as picking at skin, standing in front of the mirror, and trying to hide any defect.
- They always ask about their defects to their close persons, so that their defects can’t be visible to others.
- They always measure or touch the defective part.
- They experience problems in social activities as they are always busy with their looks instead of interacting with others.
- Such patients are very self-conscious and don’t want to go out in outside and public places or feel nervous and anxious around the people.
- They always consult with plastic surgeons and dermatologists in order to improve their appearance.
- They are associated with the tendency of over exercising.
- They excessively change clothes.
- The persons can be associated with perfectionist tendencies.
What Are The Causes Of Body dysmorphic disorder?
The exact cause of body dysmorphic disorder is not known. According to one theory, the particular disorder is associated with a problem that is linked to the functioning and size of particular brain areas that are responsible for processing certain body appearance information. Actually, body dysmorphic disorder sufferers are often associated with various other mental disorders such as major anxiety and depression.
Other possible factors that can influence or enhance its development include:
- The experience of emotional conflict and traumatic events during childhood.
- Low self-confidence and self-esteem.
- For parents and other close persons who always criticize about the body dysmorphic disorder sufferer’s appearance.
- A mental pressure from the society to look better and beautiful can be responsible for the particular situation.
- According to some studies, body dysmorphic disorder may be developed in such persons whose blood relatives are also suffering from this situation or associated with obsessive-compulsive disorder.
What Are The Things One Should Do To Manage Body dysmorphic disorder?
If an individual is suffering from body dysmorphic disorder and he/she is aware of it, then he/she should do the following things:
- They should try to analyze the reason for which the consciousness tendency is developed on them.
- Reading motivational books of great people can be a great help.
- They should always keep in mind that nobody in this world is perfect.
- The parents, friends, and the close relatives should do the following things:
- Give them emotional support.
- Listen to their problems patiently.
- Encourage the person to take part in social activities.
- Give them a thought that a person should be mentally beautiful rather than physically.
What Are The Things One Should Avoid To Manage Body dysmorphic disorder?
If an individual is aware of his/her problem, then he/she should not do the following things:
- Don’t stand in front of a mirror all the time.
- Don’t analyze your facial structure as every person is born with a different structure.
- Don’t compare yourself with any other person.
- Also, the parents, friends, and the close relatives are advised to refrain from doing following things:
- Don’t blame that person for their behavior.
- Don’t discuss his/her physical appearance.
- Don’t encourage that person’s body dysmorphic disorder.
What Are The Best Foods For Body dysmorphic disorder?
Although there is no any special diet for body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), the people, who are suffering from the particular problem, can take the following foods as per the doctor’s recommendation.
- Chia seeds: Chia seeds are the rich sources of Omega 3’s. They are also rich in calcium, potassium, and magnesium. These small powerhouses help you to fight your depression.
- Salmon: Salmon is a great source of Vitamin-D, protein, and potassium. It is also rich in DHA Omega 3. Salmon provides you tryptophan that converts to serotonin. It works as a brain’s mood regular.
- Leafy greens: Leafy greens such as romaine, spinach, mustard greens, turnip, and broccoli are rich in folic acid. These foods help to overcome the fatigue, depression, and insomnia.
- Lean protein: Serotonin is a neurotransmitter that is linked with depression. Lean protein like fish, chicken, turkey, beans, and eggs help to balance the serotonin levels. These foods are also associated with complex carbohydrates that are crucial for tryptophan facilitation into the brain. So, lean protein foods also keep you away from the anxiety and depression related symptoms.
- Fatty fish: Omega-3 fatty acid deficiency can cause you an impaired brain function. So, in order to stay away from mental problems, you should consume cold water fishes such as herring, salmons, sardines, and mackerel.
- Whole grains: Whole grains are very beneficial for the mental health. Such type of foods includes whole-wheat products, oats, wild rice, beans, soy, barley, and bulgur.
What Are The Worst Foods For Body dysmorphic disorder?
Since there is no specific diet as mentioned above, the people afflicted with it should not take the following foods.
- Sugar: Sugar is strongly associated with depression. So, the individuals, who are suffering from any kind of mental problem, should avoid sugar.
- Alcohol: Alcohol works as a depressant, so mental patients should quit alcohol.
- Fast foods: Fast foods are not good for one’s mental well-being. Few such fried foods are Hot dogs, tacos, pizzas, sandwiches, ham burgers and chicken nuggets.
- High-sodium foods: High-sodium foods such as salted nuts, smoked or canned fish or meat, sausage etc should be avoided for mental well-being.
- Tofu: Tofu can enhance the anxious behavior. So, it is better to avoid it in order to maintain a healthy mind.
What Are The Medicines For Body dysmorphic disorder?
What Are The Tips To Manage Body dysmorphic disorder?
Participate on social get together and try to love yourself first.