What Is Burns?
Burns are the most common household injuries, particularly among the children. Burns is associated with the burning sensation as well as injuries. It can involve severe skin damage that can cause the cells of the affected skin to die. Many people generally recover from burn injury without any serious health problems, but it is dependent on the cause associated with the burn, its depth, its location as well as the degree of injury. The serious burns need an immediate emergency reach to the hospital and appropriate medical supervision in order to prevent the further complications and death.
There are basically three types of burns and they are first-degree, second-degree, and third-degree burn. Generally, each degree is dependent on the damage severity to the skin. The first-degree burn is considered as the most minor, on the other hand, the third-degree burn as the most severe. The damages, associated with these three types of burns, are as follows:
First-degree burns: In this case, the patients’ skin will become red and blisters are not developed after burning. This type of burn is actually regarded as the superficial that may cause a local inflammation on the skin. An example of such kind of burn is sunburn. The burning sensation is characterized by redness, pain, and a little amount of swelling. The skin may become very tender for touching.
Second- degree burns: It is associated with blistering and thickening of the skin. Second-degree burns are associated with more skin damage, inflammation, redness, and pain than the first degree burns.
Third-degree burns: It is associated with the widespread thickness along with a leathery and white appearance. Third-degree burns are associated with killing the affected area of the skin. The blood vessels and nerves will get damaged and so this type of burns appears to be leathery and white. Third-degree burns may be relatively painless.
There is also another type of burn that is known as fourth-degree burns. It is associated with all the symptoms and signs involved with the third-degree burn and it also extends the skin damage by showing the tendons and bones.
Burns is associated with the fluid accumulation as well as inflammation inside and around the wound. Skin is regarded as the first defence of the body against the harmful infection caused by the various microorganisms and so it is very important to take a crucial care of the burning injuries.
What Are The Symptoms Of Burns?
The signs and symptoms are different for three types of burns. So, they are described separately.
First-degree burn: First-degree burns are associated with minimal skin damage, so it is also called “superficial burns”. First-degree burns generally affect the outermost layer of the skin. Signs and symptoms involved with First-degree burns are as follows:
- Minor inflammation or swelling.
- Dry and peeling of skin after the healing.
Since this burn affects the top layer of skin, the signs and symptoms may disappear once the skin cells shed. First-degree burns usually heal within 7 to 10 days without scarring. If the burning areas are associated with foot, knee, shoulder, forearm, ankle, spine, or elbow, then a specialist should be consulted.
Second-degree burn: Second-degree burns are considered as more serious than the first-degree burns as the skin damage extends deeper than the top layer of the skin. It is associated with the skin blistering, soreness, and extreme redness. Some skin blisters may be appeared as a wet or weep. With the passing time, a thick, soft, and scab-like tissue known as fibrinous exudates can be developed over the wound.
If the burns are associated with the area of hands, face, buttocks, feet, and groin, then the emergency medical treatment should be given.
Third-degree burn: The third-degree burns are considered as the most severe burns (excluding fourth-degree burns). They cause severe damage that is extended through each and every layer of the skin. This type of burn may not be associated with any pain as the nerves get damaged. The signs and symptoms associated with third-degree burns are as follows (depending on the cause):
- Waxy and white colour.
- Dark brown colour.
- Blisters that do not develop.
- Raised and leathery texture.
What Are The Causes Of Burns?
Burns is associated with a number of causes, such as:
- Scalding from hot or boiling liquids.
- Chemical burns
- Excessive sun exposure.
- Fires, including flames from candles, matches, and lighters.
The type of burn is not dependent on the causes associated with it. For example, scalding can cause all three types of burns. It is completely dependent on how hot the liquid is as well as the total duration it touches the skin. Electrical and chemical burns require emergency medical attention as they can seriously affect the internal organs despite the minor skin damage.
What Are The Things One Should Do To Manage Burns?
The following things should be done immediately after burning:
- The clothes that have been soaked or burned with chemicals or hot fluids should be removed from the affected area.
- Immediately run room-temperature water or tap water over the burn. It helps to stop the burning process, reduces or prevents swelling as well as decreases the pain.
- In the case of severe burns, apply a dry and clean cloth to the affected area after it has been cooled.
What Are The Things One Should Avoid To Manage Burns?
The following things should not be done after burning:
- Don’t remove burned clothing if it is stuck to the body.
- Don’t use ice or very cold water on a burn as it can cause further skin damage.
- In the case of a severe burn, apply appropriate ointments, jellies, first aid creams or butter, and sprays.
- Don’t try to break open small blisters as this can let germs get into the wound.
What Are The Best Foods For Burns?
Following foods should be served to the burn patients after consulting the Doctor:
Carbohydrates: Carbohydrates provide a rich amount of calories to the burn patients. Generally, burn wounds need the glucose that is involved with carbohydrates for proper healing. They help to prevent the muscle protein to be used as a source of fuel. A burn patient can choose his/her Carbohydrate intake from rice, bread, cereal, pasta, potatoes, sugar, beans, corn, peas, fruits, and juice.
Protein: Burn patients are very urgent need of high protein as a significant amount of protein can be lost through the burn wound and so the patients should be provided with enough protein intake in order to avoid the breakdown of their muscles. The patients can take their protein intake from the foods like poultry, meats, fish, nuts, dairy foods, seeds, and eggs.
Fat: Fat is required in order to provide the essential fatty acids as well as calories. Foods such as cream, butter, oil, nuts, salad dressing, avocados as well as oily fish like sardines and salmon can be served to the patients.
Vitamins and minerals: Vitamin and mineral requirements in the burn patients enhance five to 10 times above than the normal requirements. Additional Vitamin A and Vitamin C may be needed for collagen synthesis.
What Are The Worst Foods For Burns?
Following foods should not be served to the burn patients:
Nitrate-Rich Foods: Nitrate-rich foods such as processed meats like bacon, hot dogs, and most deli meats should be avoided during burn wound healing as an excess amount of nitrates can develop a condition, called atherosclerosis in which a fatty plaque develops within the vessel and thus the vessels may be ruptured and result in decreased healing.
Spices: Spices can impede the burn wound healing functions. But, spices like turmeric and ginger may be beneficial in this regard. But, don’t forget to consult your Doctor before any consumption.
What Are The Medicines For Burns?
What Are The Tips To Manage Burns?