What Is Celiac disease?
Eating Gluten rich food causes an autoimmune disorder called celiac disease. Grains and foods including rye, barley, and wheat consist of a protein called as Gluten.Due to the presence of this protein, bread dough gets that elasticity and makes bread chewy. People suffering from celiac disease must eat a gluten-free diet.
When a person suffering from celiac disease consumes gluten-rich food, it damages the Villi (a protrusion looking like a small finger present on the walls of the small intestine) because their body overreacts to the protein.
Injured Villi prevent small intestine from absorbing nutrients available in the food. Due to this reason, the body lacks the required nourishment, and several health issues develop. Worst conditions like cancer, nerves disorder, miscarriages, and infertility occur. It also leads to the reduction of the bone density level in the body causing osteoporosis.
What Are The Symptoms Of Celiac disease?
Celiac disease exhibits different symptoms and also the sign differs across different age groups.
Common indicators can include loss of weight, tiredness, and diarrhea. Sometimes nausea and vomiting, constipation, stomach pain, bloating and gas may also indicate the development of celiac disease in adults.
Most of the adults and children may experience other symptoms that completely differ from the digestive problems. Find details mentioned below:
- Iron insufficiency happens and makes a person anemic.
- Bone softening (osteomalacia) or bone mineral density level reduces (osteoporosis).
- Itching skin, blisters and rashes on the skin (dermatitis herpetiformis).
- Damage to the teeth enamel.
- Ulcers developed in the mouth.
- Headaches and tiredness.
- Damage to the nervous system leading to numbness in hands and feet.
- Cognitive behavioral problems.
- Pain in all joints.
- Spleen functioning reduces (hyposplenism).
- Acidity and burning sensation in heart.
- Babies under the age of 2 years suffer from the following symptoms:
- Nausea, Vomiting and Chronic diarrhea.
- Belly bloating, loss of appetite.
- Muscle loss etc.
- Children above age two may suffer from
- Diarrhoea or constipation.
- Loss of weight, bad temper
- Small physique, delay in attaining puberty.
- Nervous disorders and lack of muscle coordination.
What Are The Causes Of Celiac disease?
- Particular reason behind the cause of celiac disease is not known, but genes play a vital role in causing celiac disease. In particular, from the first-degree relationship including father, mother, sister, brother, daughter or son.
- Other reasons like infections due to change in environment may also trigger. Foods consisting of gluten may disturb the person’s immune system that is intolerant to gluten.
What Are The Things One Should Do To Manage Celiac disease?
To ensure that one does not suffer from intake of gluten voluntarily or involuntarily, he/she can try the following:
- Fasting: Fasting has been known to help in cleaning the immunity system and making it free from the reactions due to excessive intake of gluten.
- Digestive enzymes: Digestive enzymes help in soothing bloating in the stomach. People with small deposits of enzymes can get relief from the help of such enzymes.
- Detox the body: People with too much gluten in the body have to detox their body using products like peppermint tea or green tea.
- Antihistamines: A number of patients have reported about getting relief from intake of antihistamines like Zyrtec, or Benedryl.
- Probiotics: Probiotics have also helped many with stopping further depositing of gluten in the body.
What Are The Things One Should Avoid To Manage Celiac disease?
Some points that must be avoided by celiac disease patients are as follows:
- Do not go for the gluten-free diet if symptoms do not go away: Sometimes people with celiac disease, who follow a gluten-free diet, are not able to recover, and still show up signs of bloating, diarrhea, etc. Such people should not stick to the gluten-free diet and should consult an expert.
- Do not apply cosmetics with gluten in them: Women should not use cosmetics that have gluten in them. This may lead to various irritating effects on the skin if one is suffering from celiac disease. People with celiac disease are gluten-intolerant so applying such makeup may lead to further complications.
- Do not attempt to eat any gluten rich products: Such products include chemicals for that may trigger your symptoms. Double check products like the paste, cosmetics, hair, and skincare products you use whether they contain gluten.
- Don’t contaminate: Contamination here refers to mixing gluten food with the other items. Never keep gluten food in the same place where you keep other foods.
What Are The Best Foods For Celiac disease?
Some foods that one must consider consuming while suffering from celiac disease
- Lean proteins: These foods offer minerals, protein, and omega-3 fats. Consuming lean proteins prevents inflammation and malnutrition. Eat foods like organ meat, grass-fed beef, pasture-raised poultry that are rich in lean protein.
- Healthy fats: Fat-rich food including pumpkin seed oils, hemp, avocado, flaxseed, grape seed, virgin olive and coconut oil, etc., that help to keep your small intestines healthy and improve your digestive system.
- Nuts and seeds: Almond, Walnuts are an excellent source of fat and does well to celiac disease. Also, seeds like chia, pumpkin, flax seeds, and hemp are a rich source of fibers that reduces inflammation.
- Organic and Raw Dairy products: Dairy products mainly organic and natural products make the best source of potassium and calcium electrolytes. Include more dairy products like goat milk or AS cow’s milk. Cheese from goat or sheep milk and yogurts can ease out the condition when you suffer from celiac disease.
- Whole grains free from gluten, beans, and legumes: Consider eating beans, brown rice, gluten-free oats, quinoa, and buckwheat. Always soak, sprout, and ferment grains that contain gluten to reduce the ill effects caused by gluten. Sprouting improves the nutrient bioavailability and lowers the anti-nutrients present it.
- Flours free from Gluten: Check for gluten-free certificates when you purchase any meal. Know that flours made from brown rice, potato, corn, quinoa, coconut, chickpea, and tapioca are free from gluten.
- Bone broth: Rich in amino acids, glucosamine, and collagen helps in repairing the gastrointestinal (GI) tract.
- Gluten-free alcohol: Some wines and liquors free from gluten can be considered.
- Guacamole: Mashed avocado with lime juice makes Guacamole gives a treat to the taste bud and free from gluten. According to Sue Newell, associated with the Mississauga, Ont.-based Canadian Celiac Association as an education consultant, guacamole would make the right choice for those with celiac disease because they prefer soft and smooth textured food that will not irritate the digestive tract.
- Millet: People prefer grains like Quinoa and Millet because they feel bored with rice. Millets are free from gluten. Just boil them adding a little salt and add butter with caraway seeds to make it tastier for your breakfast.
- Peanut butter: Peanut butter aids to the celiac diet and does no harm. You can use them as a dip for veggies, or with rice cereals and make your food delicious.
- Cheese: Cheese builds bone and packed with calcium. Cheese stays close to the heart of a celiac patient. Supplement cheese to your salad with baked potatoes, with fruits for breakfast or smear with celery sticks.
What Are The Worst Foods For Celiac disease?
The following foods worsen your celiac condition:
- Flour: Check the label when you purchase food from stores. Also remember that flour prepared from rye, wheat, and barley will contain gluten. Add graham flour, matzo flour, enriched flour, white flour, and durum flour to your list. Products might say free from gluten but check for the ingredients mentioned above and avoid as they all have gluten.
- Beer: Beer consists of yeast, hops, malted barley, and water. Based on the brew, sometimes barley will get replaced with rye, oats, rice or wheat. Avoid Stout, Porter, and Ale.
- Malt: Sprouting Barley and using it for distilling and brewing makes malt. Barley is rich in gluten and hence avoid using malt. Also avoid malt in any form like syrup, vinegar, and milk. Malt triggers the symptoms of celiac disease.
- Cereal: Avoid wheat grass, wheat berries, wheat germ, wheat, oats, and bran. According to the warning given by The University of Chicago, Celiac Disease Centre states that commercially available oats most often gets adulterated with barley and wheat. Pure, unadulterated oats can be consumed in a small quantity. Better to have a word with the medical practitioner before using oats in your diet.
- Couscous: Semolina, the hard part of the wheat grain, forms Couscous. The wheat grain’s endosperm contains gluten. Sometimes Barley is used to making couscous. Both wheat and barley cause harm due to the gluten present in it. Better avoid couscous the tiny pasta in your diet.
- Pasta: Mainly, pasta consists of egg, water, and flour. Avoid pasta made up of wheat and semolina flour due to the presence of gluten. Also, avoid pasta from unbleached flour as that too contains this ingredient.
What Are The Medicines For Celiac disease?
What Are The Tips To Manage Celiac disease?
- Always remember to read the labels before purchasing any packed or processed food.
- Check for gluten-free or no-gluten wording mentioned on the label.
- Then check for wheat, semolina, rye or barley present in it.
- Also, check for all the contents as mentioned in the avoid-list before you buy processed food.