What Is Deep vein thrombosis?
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) triggers when there is a blood clot formation in a vein that is present deep inside the body. This blood clot, which is solid and gelatine-like in form, form mostly in the thigh or lower leg of the person. However, DVT can also develop in other sections of the body.
What Are The Symptoms Of Deep vein thrombosis?
It is hard to diagnose a case of DVT as there are no specific symptoms for this condition. However, here are some of the ones that were commonly found in patients.
- Pain in calf, foot or leg muscles - usually on just one side.
- Warmness and tenderness in skin
- The bluish, reddish, or pale skin over the affected area.
- Severe pain in the foot and ankle.
What Are The Causes Of Deep vein thrombosis?
DVT occurs due to a number of reasons. Some of the main causes are:
- Due to physical inactivity: When a person's body is physically inactive, there are chances of blood clots to form in the lower body, especially in the legs after a long duration of inactivity.
- Due to an operation: There are high chances of acquiring a blood clot after an operation as DVT has more tendency of occurring due to physical inactivity. Any operation that is over 90 minutes can trigger chances of DVT.
- Abdominal or inflammatory conditions like Appendicitis can also cause chances of DVT.
- Confinement to a bed or chair (without walking or moving legs) for more than three days can cause the blood flow to slow down in the body, increasing the risk of DVT.
- Damage in blood vessels can lead to their narrowing or blocking. This can lead to blood clot formation.
- Injuries due to muscle damage or broken bones can also cause DVT.
- Inflammation of blood vessels (Vasculitis).
- Chemotherapy can damage blood vessels, leading to DVT.
- Medical and Genetic Conditions: Any medical or genetic condition that causes blood to clot increase chances of DVT. Some of these are heart or lung diseases, cancer treatments, rheumatoid arthritis, thrombophilia, hepatitis, dehydration, obesity, over the age of 60, etc.
What Are The Things One Should Do To Manage Deep vein thrombosis?
- Focus on losing weight, if the person is obese.
- Focus on controlling the patient's blood pressure.
- If the doctor advises wearing a compression stocking, then wear it.
- Walk daily for 20-30 min.
- Make sure that the patient's legs are at least 6 inches elevated while sleeping.
What Are The Things One Should Avoid To Manage Deep vein thrombosis?
- Do not consume food that is high in Vitamin K.
- Do not smoke.
- Do not consume too much coffee or tea.
- It is advisable to stop the consumption of processed foods.
- Do not board flights that have a duration of more than 2 hours.
- Avoid obstructing the thigh muscle with any item.
- Do not sit inactively without moving the leg muscles.
What Are The Best Foods For Deep vein thrombosis?
A balanced diet is important for keeping the blood flow regulated in DVT. So, here are some food items that can help:
- Ginger and Lemon: Blood clots can be reduced with the help of ginger and lemon in the diet. These are great for the improvement of the blood circulation in the vessels.
- Spinach Juice: Juice that has been prepared from the leaves of spinach is helpful in regulating the blood pressure.
- Fibre-rich foods: Fibre helps in strengthening cardiovascular activities in the body of the patient so it is advisable to add such foods in the diet. These foods are broccoli, whole wheat bread, artichokes, lima beans, lentils, blackberries, raspberries, etc.
- Vitamin C-rich foods: Vitamin C helps to maintain a healthy vascular state in the body. Foods that are rich in vitamin C are oranges, lemon, acerola cherry, strawberries, black currant, papaya, and citrus fruits.
- Garlic: Garlic is good for patients who have cardiac problems. It helps with the regulation of the blood flow, which is why it is great for DVT patients.
- Pepper and Capsicum: These foods are helpful in keeping the blood platelets apart in the vessels - hence, avoiding blood clot formation.
What Are The Worst Foods For Deep vein thrombosis?
- Vitamin K-rich foods: Vitamin K limits the effect of Coumadin, which is needed for the treatment of DVT patients. So, doctors’ advice patients to avoid consuming foods rich in Vitamin K, such as spring onions, cabbage, green leafy vegetables (however, spinach juice can be taken), collards, prunes, etc.
- Fatty foods: Fat-containing foods reduce the size of the blood vessels by sticking to the inner walls, hence reducing blood flow. So, foods like nuts, cheese, dark chocolate, avocados, etc., should be avoided.
- Limit animal fats in your diet.
What Are The Medicines For Deep vein thrombosis?
What Are The Tips To Manage Deep vein thrombosis?
Avoid staying inactive for too long. Keep moving your legs muscles from time to time. Do not sit in congested areas such as an aeroplane for too long.