What Is Dengue?
Dengue is, basically, a viral infection which happens when an infected female mosquito bites you. There are four different types of dengue viruses which are DEN1, DEN2, DEN3, and DEN4. They determine whether your infection is treatable or extremely severe. In many cases, dengue can lead to a life-threatening situation, and problems like bleeding can occur. This flu type sickness can affect babies, young children, and adults.
What Are The Symptoms Of Dengue?
The symptoms of dengue fever will start 3 to 4 days after you have been infected. They include: -
- Sudden high fever (102 degrees Fahrenheit onwards).
- A severe headache and eye pain, severe joint or muscle ache.
- Nausea, fatigue, vomiting.
- Rashes on the skin.
- Mild bleeding of the gums or nose. You can bruise easily too.
Some symptoms are light initially, but they may develop over the days and cause troubles. In rare cases, high fever is followed by damages in the blood vessels which lead to extreme bleeding, enlarging of liver and failure in your circulation system. These symptoms cause death in a dengue patient, and this type of dengue is known as the dengue shock syndrome.
What Are The Causes Of Dengue?
- The fever is caused due to the viruses that are spread by mosquitoes that are usually found during the monsoon season. When an infected person is bitten by the mosquito, the virus enters them too, and they can spread it around by biting someone else. The infection goes deep into your bloodstream, which is the reason it is a hard to treat the problem.
- There is a risk of developing the fever again which is known as the hemorrhagic fever, and it increases if you are infected the second time or the third time.
What Are The Things One Should Do To Manage Dengue?
- Keep screens installed on windows; not to let mosquitoes enter the house, especially in the later afternoon and early morning.
- Try to use mosquito nets while going to sleep.
- Wear full-sleeved clothes.
- During such feverish times, you need to drink maximum water throughout the day. It should be about 2.5 or 3 liters, which is around 12 cups at least in one day along with taking extreme bed rest.
- What another thing you need to do is to scrub your hands with soap properly before eating and make sure your plate is clean too.
- When going outside your house to the doctor or anywhere else, make a solution of almond oil and neem oil. Apply these to your exposed body as a mosquito repellent. It works wonders!
What Are The Things One Should Avoid To Manage Dengue?
- Stay at home and avoid public places as a mosquito could bite you which will give it your infection. This will then get carried around, and dengue can spread instantly.
- Do not let any kind of water collect in your surroundings or open spaces. Keep your room dry and clean.
- When you start getting a fever, avoid taking any aspirin, paracetamol or your regular fever medicines. This can reduce your platelets count which will damage your immunity system to fight the disease, causing you further problems.
What Are The Best Foods For Dengue?
- Some of the best foods are high protein ones like dairy, eggs, chicken, fish, and bananas as they will help in the quick recovery procedure. This will strengthen your power to regain all the nutrients you lost from the body as well as provide energy to you.
- One of the best foods to eat when down with dengue is papaya. You can either have the fruit or the juice from the leaves. They act as traditional ayurvedic medicines as they have antioxidants to fight dengue infection.
- Have soups and boiled foods like carrots, peas, leafy vegetables and more. This will give your stomach relief and will maintain the balance of vitamins along with minerals.
- Ginger water and coconut water are great electrolytes which help in retaining your energy and reduce the effect of nausea. If you do not like ginger water, you can have coconut water twice a day as it refreshes you from inside and cools down the stomach too. It will make you less nauseous, feverish and help your immune system.
What Are The Worst Foods For Dengue?
- Avoid spicy, fried and outside food when you are recovering from Dengue. They are a big no as they cause digestion problems, fever could increase and nausea.
- Things like fast food, red meat, caffeine and too much onion based foods will result in inflammation and make you weaker.
- Sugary foods and processed foods need to be avoided strictly as they decrease the health of the immunity system and increase inflammation in the body.
What Are The Medicines For Dengue?
What Are The Tips To Manage Dengue?
- Stay sanitized and have a balanced diet to fight the fever. Do not exercise or do heavy chores which can tire you quickly. The best advice is to get as much rest as you can to let the symptoms calm down a little.
- Get a mosquito net fixed on your doors and windows so that your infection does not get worst. This is also a preventive measure for when you are feeling better and are infection free.