Down syndrome

What Is Down syndrome?

It is a disease caused by a gene problem in which a child with certain features is born with a flat face or short neck or some disability in the intellectual process. The disability, which may be mild or severe, may vary from person to person. The children with down syndrome had to be taken care of and this can enhance the children’s lives. The disease is very common, and it generally occurs when an individual has an extra copy of chromosome 21. This disease is of three types: trisomy 21 (nondisjunction), translocation and mosaicism. Though there are some screening and tests that can detect this disease earlier than the birth of a baby. Old women are more likely to give birth to a baby with down syndrome and patient of this disease are likely to have other diseases like Alzheimer and epilepsy. 

What Is Down syndrome?

It is a disease caused by a gene problem in which a child with certain features is born with a flat face or short neck or some disability in the intellectual process. The disability, which may be mild or severe, may vary from person to person. The children with down syndrome had to be taken care of and this can enhance the children’s lives. The disease is very common, and it generally occurs when an individual has an extra copy of chromosome 21. This disease is of three types: trisomy 21 (nondisjunction), translocation and mosaicism. Though there are some screening and tests that can detect this disease earlier than the birth of a baby. Old women are more likely to give birth to a baby with down syndrome and patient of this disease are likely to have other diseases like Alzheimer and epilepsy. 

What Are The Symptoms Of Down syndrome?

During birth, there are many signs which may show this disease clearly. Many children suffering from this disease are also born with other problems including in the heart, intestine and lungs. Some of the common signs are seen in babies at birth. These are: -

  • Flat facial features
  • Small head & ears and short neck.
  • Poor muscle tone.
  • Impulsive behavior
  • Slow learning capabilities.
  • Difficulty in focusing and concentrating.
  • Poor judgment.
  • Eyes that slant upward.
  • A difference in the shape of other face parts.
  • Short height and excessive flexibility.

Some other diseases can also accompany down syndromes. Here are the most common ones: -

  • Poor vision.
  • Defects in the heart.
  • Late tooth growth.
  • Leukemia
  • Memory problems (dementia).
  •  
  •  

What Are The Causes Of Down syndrome?

The main and only cause of this disease is abnormal cell division with chromosome 21. This extra genetic material causes developmental problems like down syndrome. The different cell division causes a different type of Down Syndrome. Some of the risk factors are: -
  • Old maternal age: An old woman over age 35 giving birth to a baby has more risk of giving birth to a baby with Down syndrome but the number of babies suffering from this disease is higher when the birth is given by women under 35 as almost all women give birth in younger age.
  • Already having a child with Down syndrome: The rate of risk is increased when the parents have a child with Down syndrome earlier. A genetic doctor can help you.
  • Genetic factor: It can either be father or mother from which a child can adopt this disease. The translocation is very rare but can be a risk factor. 

 

What Are The Things One Should Do To Manage Down syndrome?

Parenting a child with down syndrome is really a difficult job. Parents have to go to the doctor regularly. Proper attention has to be made. Here are some guidelines that may help.

  • Recognise your child’s strength as well as his weakness.
  • Focusing on him/her and knowing what is best for the child.
  • Know about all the necessary information about child’s condition.
  • Choose a school that follows IEP (Individual Educational Program).
  • Understand that the child is special and need special treatment.
  • Create a suitable environment and accept the pace of learning of the child.
  •  

What Are The Things One Should Avoid To Manage Down syndrome?

Experts have given various opinions which state some tips that should be followed. Here are some most recommended tips for the parents having a child with Down Syndrome.

  • Don’t make him feel a child with disabilities.
  • Don’t use phrases like “suffers from” or “is a victim of” in front of the child.
  • Don’t underestimate the child’s potential.
  • Don’t scold the child ever.
  • Don’t avoid talking to the child.

 

What Are The Best Foods For Down syndrome?

Infants and children with down syndrome can have a problem with feeding and drinking. Low muscle tones in facial muscles and a smaller oral cavity is a reason behind it. Experts say a paediatric dietitian can support the child having down syndrome. Breast milk is very important and it should be feed to the child at least for six months.

Diet plays an important role in curing or prevention from diseases. The most common recommendation about the food in disease down syndrome are: -

  • Coconut oil: It quickly melts in the mouth of a child making it easy to swallow and it has other certain benefits too.
  • Egg yolk: It can be started after six months as it provides the necessary cholesterol as well as amino acids. These acids promote the development of the brain. Egg whites should be avoided as they are hard to digest.
  • Avocado: It is high in good fat and nutrient dense making it perfect for the child with a down syndrome. These fats are essential for a healthy development. Avocado contains nutrients like Fiber, Vitamin-E, Iron, copper, Vitamin-K. Mix with water and feed the child.
  • Banana: It is considered as one of the best early foods as it mashes easily and full of serotonin. Banana should be completely ripe to make sure it doesn’t cause constipation.
  • Butternut Squash: It has high antioxidant content which has anti-inflammatory effects that are very important. Have lots of nutrients like potassium and vitamin-6 which are important for bone health and for the proper functioning of the immune system respectively.
  • Coconut milk and Pears: Pears are nice at six and eight months because they are easy to mash and coconut milk is easy to swallow and provides several other important minerals.

 

What Are The Worst Foods For Down syndrome?

Diet of disabled children should be made carefully as some can act as harmful for the babies with this disease down syndrome. Thus, here are some tips which parents should always keep in mind with their new baby.

  • Baby Cereals: Avoid baby cereal totally for the first twelve months. They are not good at a very early age.
  • Whole grains: It is very hard to digest thus avoid them for the first twelve months. Children with down syndrome have difficulty in swallowing and digesting.
  • Gluten: Researchers say that 7-16% of children with Down syndrome have celiac disease and this disease is a result of more exposure to gluten and also this disease can lead to undernourishment.
  • Soy: Avoid soy as it contains large quantities of natural toxins or anti nutrients. It blocks the action of trypsin and other enzymes needed for protein suggestion. 
  • Raw Goitrogens: These foods affect adversely thyroid function. Cooking reduces this effect as well as eating food with iodine reduces the effect. It includes many vegetables like Broccoli, Brussels, cabbage, cauliflower and kale.

 

What Are The Medicines For Down syndrome?

What Are The Tips To Manage Down syndrome?

There are many important tips for the parents having a child with Down syndrome. These tips will surely make you cooperate with the disease and thus can enhance parents as well as their child’s life.

  • Encourage the child to be independent like getting dressed and eating.
  • Learn about Down syndrome and treat the child as parents treat a child without disabilities.
  • Ask your child to repeat the phrases or actions.

 

What Are The Symptoms Of Down syndrome?

During birth, there are many signs which may show this disease clearly. Many children suffering from this disease are also born with other problems including in the heart, intestine and lungs. Some of the common signs are seen in babies at birth. These are: -

  • Flat facial features
  • Small head & ears and short neck.
  • Poor muscle tone.
  • Impulsive behavior
  • Slow learning capabilities.
  • Difficulty in focusing and concentrating.
  • Poor judgment.
  • Eyes that slant upward.
  • A difference in the shape of other face parts.
  • Short height and excessive flexibility.

Some other diseases can also accompany down syndromes. Here are the most common ones: -

  • Poor vision.
  • Defects in the heart.
  • Late tooth growth.
  • Leukemia
  • Memory problems (dementia).
  •  
  •  

What Are The Causes Of Down syndrome?

The main and only cause of this disease is abnormal cell division with chromosome 21. This extra genetic material causes developmental problems like down syndrome. The different cell division causes a different type of Down Syndrome. Some of the risk factors are: -
  • Old maternal age: An old woman over age 35 giving birth to a baby has more risk of giving birth to a baby with Down syndrome but the number of babies suffering from this disease is higher when the birth is given by women under 35 as almost all women give birth in younger age.
  • Already having a child with Down syndrome: The rate of risk is increased when the parents have a child with Down syndrome earlier. A genetic doctor can help you.
  • Genetic factor: It can either be father or mother from which a child can adopt this disease. The translocation is very rare but can be a risk factor. 

 

What Are The Things One Should Do To Manage Down syndrome?

Parenting a child with down syndrome is really a difficult job. Parents have to go to the doctor regularly. Proper attention has to be made. Here are some guidelines that may help.

  • Recognise your child’s strength as well as his weakness.
  • Focusing on him/her and knowing what is best for the child.
  • Know about all the necessary information about child’s condition.
  • Choose a school that follows IEP (Individual Educational Program).
  • Understand that the child is special and need special treatment.
  • Create a suitable environment and accept the pace of learning of the child.
  •  

What Are The Things One Should Avoid To Manage Down syndrome?

Experts have given various opinions which state some tips that should be followed. Here are some most recommended tips for the parents having a child with Down Syndrome.

  • Don’t make him feel a child with disabilities.
  • Don’t use phrases like “suffers from” or “is a victim of” in front of the child.
  • Don’t underestimate the child’s potential.
  • Don’t scold the child ever.
  • Don’t avoid talking to the child.

 

What Are The Best Foods For Down syndrome?

Infants and children with down syndrome can have a problem with feeding and drinking. Low muscle tones in facial muscles and a smaller oral cavity is a reason behind it. Experts say a paediatric dietitian can support the child having down syndrome. Breast milk is very important and it should be feed to the child at least for six months.

Diet plays an important role in curing or prevention from diseases. The most common recommendation about the food in disease down syndrome are: -

  • Coconut oil: It quickly melts in the mouth of a child making it easy to swallow and it has other certain benefits too.
  • Egg yolk: It can be started after six months as it provides the necessary cholesterol as well as amino acids. These acids promote the development of the brain. Egg whites should be avoided as they are hard to digest.
  • Avocado: It is high in good fat and nutrient dense making it perfect for the child with a down syndrome. These fats are essential for a healthy development. Avocado contains nutrients like Fiber, Vitamin-E, Iron, copper, Vitamin-K. Mix with water and feed the child.
  • Banana: It is considered as one of the best early foods as it mashes easily and full of serotonin. Banana should be completely ripe to make sure it doesn’t cause constipation.
  • Butternut Squash: It has high antioxidant content which has anti-inflammatory effects that are very important. Have lots of nutrients like potassium and vitamin-6 which are important for bone health and for the proper functioning of the immune system respectively.
  • Coconut milk and Pears: Pears are nice at six and eight months because they are easy to mash and coconut milk is easy to swallow and provides several other important minerals.

 

What Are The Worst Foods For Down syndrome?

Diet of disabled children should be made carefully as some can act as harmful for the babies with this disease down syndrome. Thus, here are some tips which parents should always keep in mind with their new baby.

  • Baby Cereals: Avoid baby cereal totally for the first twelve months. They are not good at a very early age.
  • Whole grains: It is very hard to digest thus avoid them for the first twelve months. Children with down syndrome have difficulty in swallowing and digesting.
  • Gluten: Researchers say that 7-16% of children with Down syndrome have celiac disease and this disease is a result of more exposure to gluten and also this disease can lead to undernourishment.
  • Soy: Avoid soy as it contains large quantities of natural toxins or anti nutrients. It blocks the action of trypsin and other enzymes needed for protein suggestion. 
  • Raw Goitrogens: These foods affect adversely thyroid function. Cooking reduces this effect as well as eating food with iodine reduces the effect. It includes many vegetables like Broccoli, Brussels, cabbage, cauliflower and kale.

 

What Are The Medicines For Down syndrome?

What Are The Tips To Manage Down syndrome?

There are many important tips for the parents having a child with Down syndrome. These tips will surely make you cooperate with the disease and thus can enhance parents as well as their child’s life.

  • Encourage the child to be independent like getting dressed and eating.
  • Learn about Down syndrome and treat the child as parents treat a child without disabilities.
  • Ask your child to repeat the phrases or actions.