What Is Heavy Nose bleeding?
Bleeding nose is also known medically as epistaxis. Nosebleeds occur commonly among children and adults and are often not a cause for alarm and do not indicate any major health issue. However, in some rare cases, it can be life-threatening. Frequent nosebleeds may be a symptom that indicates a more serious health condition.
Nosebleeds are classified as anterior or posterior nosebleeds.
- Anterior Nosebleed: The frontal portion of the nose contains several delicate blood vessels and in the case of anterior nosebleeds, the bleeding occurs from the wall present between both the nostrils. Anterior nosebleeds are common in children and can be treated easily at home.
- Posterior Nosebleed: In this case, the blood originates further behind and higher in the area where the branches of the artery supply the blood to the nose, which is why posterior nosebleeds are heavier. This kind of nosebleeds are more serious and require medical attention. They occur more commonly in adults.
What Are The Symptoms Of Heavy Nose bleeding?
The primary symptom of nosebleed is when there is light to heavy bleeding from the nose. The blood comes out through either one of the nostrils and typically, only one of the nostrils is affected. Sometimes, the blood may run into the throat or can be swallowed and this can cause nausea or vomiting. Excessive loss of blood due to a nosebleed is not very common, but can cause:
- Palpitations, shortness of breath
- Dizziness, confusion
- Fainting, light-headedness
- Turning pale
What Are The Causes Of Heavy Nose bleeding?
Anterior nosebleeds may be caused due to:
- Picking the nose often and if the inside of the nose is tender and irritated, trauma to the nose.
- Sinusitis or inflammation of the sinus cavity.
- Blowing the nose often when having a cold, nasal allergy or flu.
- Irritation and tenderness of the nose due to viral infection.
- Deviated septum (the wall between the 2 nostrils deviates).
- Extremely hot or dry climate, high altitude causing dryness in the nose.
- Medications such as NSAIDs, blood thinners, etc.
- Liver disease that interferes with the blood clotting.
- Use of illegal drugs like cocaine.
Posterior nosebleeds may be caused due to:
- High blood pressure, calcium deficiency
- Nasal surgery, exposure to chemicals
- Diseases of the blood like leukemia or hemophilia, tumors
- Broken nose, foreign body stuck in nose
- Low platelet count (thrombocytopenia)
- Osler-Weber-Rendu disease (rare genetic disorder of blood vessels)
- Aortic coarctation (narrowing of the aorta)
- Glomerulonephritis (acute inflammation of the kidney)
- Stuart-Prower factor deficiency (Factor X deficiency) protein deficiency
- Ebola, Von Willebrand disease
- Deficiency of factor II, V, or VII (rare conditions affecting blood clotting)
- Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (blood does not clot properly)
- Rheumatic fever
- Liver cirrhosis (due to prolonged exposure to toxins)
- Leishmaniasis (disease transmitted by the sand fly)
- Celiac disease - an allergy to gluten.
What Are The Things One Should Do To Manage Heavy Nose bleeding?
If you are having heavy nosebleeds:
- Pinch the soft part of your nose firmly and try to breathe via the mouth.
- Don’t lean backward. Instead, lean forward to stop the blood from getting into the throat and sinus, as this can cause gagging and inhalation of the blood.
- Sit straight so that your head is at a higher level than the heart. This helps to reduce the blood pressure and lessens bleeding.
- Apply an ice pack or cold compress to the nose and cheek areas to soothe it.
- Apply some lubricating ointment or creams like petroleum jelly inside the nose to prevent dryness and irritation.
- If you live in high altitudes or the climate is very dry, make use of a humidifier.
What Are The Things One Should Avoid To Manage Heavy Nose bleeding?
- Avoid strenuous activity for a few days after you suffer from a nosebleed.
- Avoid picking your nose.
- Avoid blowing the nose frequently or too hard.
What Are The Best Foods For Heavy Nose bleeding?
- Eat foods that are rich in vitamin K such as leafy green vegetables, avocados, Brussels sprouts, prunes, cucumber, spring onions, broccoli, cabbage, etc., which help in proper clotting of the blood.
- Eat foods that are rich in vitamin C like oranges, lemons, strawberries, guavas, kale, red and green peppers, kiwifruit, gooseberries, etc., which helps to form collagen and is necessary to keep the blood vessels healthy.
- Increase your intake of iron-rich foods such as beans, chickpeas, soybeans, pulses, oysters, raisins, egg yolks, spinach, red meat, scallops, turkey, etc. to increase the red blood cell count.
- Zinc helps to maintain the blood vessels so eat foods like whole wheat bread and pasta, brown rice, etc. that are rich in zinc.
- Eating foods spiced with cayenne pepper regularly can help to prevent nosebleeds.
What Are The Worst Foods For Heavy Nose bleeding?
- Avoid greasy, spicy and oily foods as they worsen the condition of nosebleeds.
- One reason why kids get nosebleeds is due to the presence of salicylates in certain fruits and fruits juices like grapes, apples, plums, peaches, tomatoes, etc. Avoid these fruits and opt for other low-salicylate fruits such as pineapples, pears, bananas, dates, figs, mangoes, etc.
- Avoid caffeinated drinks like tea, coffee, etc. as they cause the nosebleed to worsen.
- Avoid drinking alcohol as it causes dehydration in the body and aggravates the nosebleed.
What Are The Medicines For Heavy Nose bleeding?
What Are The Tips To Manage Heavy Nose bleeding?
Some home remedies you can follow to stop nosebleeds or prevent them from occurring are:
- Apple cider vinegar is extremely effective for stopping a nosebleed very quickly. It helps to seal the broken blood vessels and also protects the body from too much of blood loss. Soaking a small ball of cotton in apple cider vinegar and placing it into the bleeding nostril can help to stop the bleeding quickly. You can also use white vinegar if you don’t have apple cider vinegar.
- Apple cider vinegar is also effective in preventing nosebleeds from occurring frequently. Mix 2 teaspoons of apple cider vinegar in warm water and drink it thrice in a day.
- Cayenne is very effective in stopping nosebleeds. It works regulates the pressure of the blood flow and also works as a cell stimulant, thereby helping in quick blood coagulation. Adding a teaspoon of cayenne powder to a cup of warm water can help to stop a nosebleed.
- Onion has excellent clotting properties and is very effective in stopping nosebleeds. Placing a slice of onion under the nose and inhaling the fumes can help to stop nosebleed within minutes. You can also put 2-3 drops of fresh onion juice into the nostril to stop bleeding.
- A very common cause of nosebleeds is due to dryness during winter. You can moisturize and soothe the nasal membranes by using saline water. Simply add a pinch of salt to half a cup of warm water and put this solution into your nostrils to moisten the inner lining. You can also use nasal sprays that are available in the market.