What Is Hyperpigmentation?
- In Hyperpigmentation patches of skin become darker in colour than the normal surrounding skin. This darkening of the skin occurs when excessive melanin forms deposits in the skin. Melanin is a brown pigment, responsible for producing normal skin colour.
- The most common forms of hyperpigmentation are age spots (also called liver spots). These darkened patches are commonly found in areas exposed to the sun, like hands and face.
What Are The Symptoms Of Hyperpigmentation?
- Darkening of patches of skin
What Are The Causes Of Hyperpigmentation?
- Hyperpigmentation happens because of sun damage, and are also called as solar lentigines.
- Changes in hormones are also responsible for pigmentation.
What Are The Things One Should Do To Manage Hyperpigmentation?
- Hyperpigmentation and age spots can be prevented by using a broad spectrum sunscreen with an SPF 30 or more.
- Drink lots of water.
- Keep your skin oil free.
- Maintain healthy diet.
- Use vitamin C serum daily.
- Apply raw potato slices, turmeric, apple cider vinegar, lemon, aloe vera, vitamin E oil etc. (any of these separately) alternatively on your affected skin.
What Are The Things One Should Avoid To Manage Hyperpigmentation?
- Do not step out in sun without applying sun screen. Apply sun screen even if you are inside as UV rays can pass through windows.
- Do not sleep with your makeup on.
- Do not let your haemoglobin go below minimum desired level.
- Avoid using hormone based birth control pills. Instead, shift to non-hormone based pills.
- Avoid using chemical based hair colours, as these may enter your skin too.
- Avoid using perfumes, perfumed cosmetics if your skin is allergic.
What Are The Best Foods For Hyperpigmentation?
- Eat lots of fruits and vegetables:
- Vitamin A (sweet potatoes, red chilli peppers, butternut squash, lettuce, spinach, broccoli, collard greens, and carrots),
- Vitamin C (green leafy vegetables, oranges, cabbage, fortified cereals, lemon, papaya, juices),
- Vitamin E, Vitamin B 12 (Beef, mutton, egg, liver, milk and cheese)
What Are The Worst Foods For Hyperpigmentation?
One should avoid estrogenic foods like:
- Multi grain bread having flax seeds
- Tofu, Soy milk
- Dried fruits, Chickpeas
- Sesame seeds
- Beans, Peas
- Whole grain cereals
- Alfalfa sprouts
- Alcohol, alcoholic products
What Are The Medicines For Hyperpigmentation?
What Are The Tips To Manage Hyperpigmentation?