What Is Hyponatremia?
Hyponatremia is the condition in which level of sodium in the blood is too low.
It may result due to excess fluid in the body in comparison to a normal amount of sodium, or due to loss of body fluid and sodium.
What Are The Symptoms Of Hyponatremia?
Symptoms of Hyponatremia may vary from none to many non-specifics like:
- Nausea, vomiting, tiredness
- Mental changes
- Muscle spasms
Severe Hyponatremia can result in coma and can prove to be fatal.
What Are The Causes Of Hyponatremia?
Some of the possible factors leading to Hyponatremia can be:
- Certain medications like anti-depressants, pain killers, water pills that may result in more frequent urination.
- Kidney, heart and liver problems causing fluid retention in the body.
- Chronic vomiting, diarrhoea causing fluid loss in body
- Drinking too much water, especially after endurance activities
- SIADH: High levels of ADH (anti-diuretic hormone) are produced, causing retention of fluid in the body.
- Hormonal changes
- Drug ecstasy
What Are The Things One Should Do To Manage Hyponatremia?
The optimum amount of sodium required by body per day is 1500mg. Consuming more than 1500mg may result in hypertension and heart problems. Hence, one should maintain the optimum intake of sodium in food every day. One tablespoon contains 2300mg of sodium.
Reduce your water intake till your sodium level in the body comes to normal.
What Are The Things One Should Avoid To Manage Hyponatremia?
- Don’t eat too less salt.
- Avoid bad food habits.
- Don’t stay without water if you have exercised heavily as it may lead to dehydration.
- Avoid taking diuretics.
What Are The Best Foods For Hyponatremia?
Following items have the high content of sodium in them:
- Salt, salty snacks
- Saline water, coconut water
- Banana 9high in potassium)
- Cheese, olives, soy sauce, caviar, salami, soups
- Vegetable juice, sweet potatoes, spinach
- Apple, guava, passion fruits
What Are The Worst Foods For Hyponatremia?
Low sodium foods
What Are The Medicines For Hyponatremia?
What Are The Tips To Manage Hyponatremia?