What Is Influenza A?
Influenza or the Flu is a highly infectious and communicable respiratory infection. It is very different from the common cold. While cold is a mild respiratory illness, an infection from the influenza A virus can run up to weeks. Flu is caused by a variety of flu viruses like Influenza A, B and C. However, only the virus A and B are known to affect humans.
What Are The Symptoms Of Influenza A?
Influenza symptoms appear quickly and not over a period of time. You start feeling sick all of a sudden. General symptoms are:
- A sore throat.
- Runny or stuffy nose.
- Muscle pain.
- Head ache.
- A general feeling of tiredness and fatigue.
Sometimes, this infection can get complicated leading to pneumonia and the patient may have to be hospitalised. Symptoms can last at least a week.
What Are The Causes Of Influenza A?
This type of flu is caused by the influenza A virus which spreads through the air. It is also highly communicable by way of contact. That means when a person infected with this virus coughs or sneezes, they spread the infection. Not only that, when you come in contact with objects like a TV or a chair, previously touched by an infected person, you are likely to pick up the germs. The germs then enter your body through the mucous membranes of mouth, nose or eyes.
What Are The Things One Should Do To Manage Influenza A?
- Since this type of flu spreads through the air, it is very important that an infected person stays at home and take rest. The patient should cover mouth and nose while sneezing and coughing.
- To avoid getting sick, a person has to keep his hands germ free by washing frequently if he’s around an infected person.
- The whole family must follow preventive measures by sanitising hands, especially in the winter season, when the chances of contracting the infection are highest. Alcohol based sanitizer or even soap is effective in making the virus inactive.
- A saline spray will help to help clear blocked nose.
- The patient can gargle with warm salted water to ease a sore throat.
- Prevention might seem the best way to deal with this infection. But it is impossible to prevent 100 percent exposure to this virus since it is in the air. Generally, viruses attack those people with low immunity. Also, babies, the elderly and physically unfit persons are highly susceptible to this illness. Staying physically fit and being active is the key to a healthier life.
- An unhealthy lifestyle, lack of sleep and anxiety tend to weaken the body’s natural defence mechanism, thereby causing the immunity to go low. So, it is important to develop a healthy lifestyle.
What Are The Things One Should Avoid To Manage Influenza A?
- Don’t confuse flu with the common cold. While the symptoms of cold appear gradually and then worsen, flu symptoms appear suddenly and are very severe.
- Since influenza virus spreads through the air, an infected person should try to avoid public places.
- Do not sneeze or cough without covering your mouth and nose.
What Are The Best Foods For Influenza A?
- Drink plenty of liquids like water and soups to stay hydrated.
- Hot tea helps in relieving congested throat.
- In order to battle the virus, your food has to be rich in immunity boosters.
- Fruits like lemons, oranges and grapefruit contain flavonoids, which are known to pep up the immune system.
- Minerals like zinc and selenium are also great immunity boosters; they are found in foods like eggs, meat, beans and nuts.
- Antioxidants found in green leafy vegetables, kale, cabbage, cauliflower and broccoli also help in the recovery of f the flu.
What Are The Worst Foods For Influenza A?
- In some people, milk and other dairy products are known to produce mucous. Hence, it is advisable to avoid these for a few days.
- Sugary foods are to be avoided because they do not allow the body to decongest. This makes matters worse for the patient. So, ice creams, cakes, cookies and all other foods with high sugar are to be avoided.
- Fried food should also be avoided for the same reason.
What Are The Medicines For Influenza A?
What Are The Tips To Manage Influenza A?
In order to prevent infection from influenza A virus, we have to take a vaccination before the onset of winter. The vaccine prepares our body to fight against the virus. Since this virus mutates and changes every year, we need to take a shot each year.