What Is Kidney Stone?
Hard deposits of acid salts and minerals that stick together in concentrated urine are called kidney stones. They are quite painful while passing through the urinary tract. They are usually not noticed till they cause trouble and usually don't cause permanent damage. Many small stones pass out without trouble.
Kidney stones can be of different types: uric acid, calcium oxalate, calcium phosphate, and cysteine.
What Are The Symptoms Of Kidney Stone?
- Extreme pain in the side of the abdomen, back or groin.
- Painful or frequent urination. Blood in urine.
- Nausea and vomiting.
Kidney stones can be diagnosed by blood test, urine test or imaging (X-ray, CT scan).
What Are The Causes Of Kidney Stone?
Though there are no exact reasons for kidney stones, they are formed when:
- Urine contains more oxalate, calcium, and uric acid, the crystal-forming substances than the fluid in urine can dilute.
- Urine lacking substances which prevent crystals from sticking together, thus creating a good environment for kidney stones to form.
Certain factors that increase the risk of kidney stones are:
- Dehydration, obesity’
- Certain medical conditions cystinuria, renal tubular acidosis, hyperparathyroidism, some urinary tract infections.
- Certain medications, family history of kidney stones
- Digestive diseases like chronic diarrhea, inflammatory bowel disease and surgeries like gastric bypass surgery can cause changes in the digestive process affecting the absorption of water and calcium, increasing the levels of stone-forming substances in the urine.
What Are The Things One Should Do To Manage Kidney Stone?
- Drink lots of water as many small stones can just pass out naturally while urinating, thus avoiding the need for surgery. Drinking lot of water also helps in preventing kidney stones.
- If diet and medicines are not taken properly, kidney stones can come back. So, take care of your diet and complete the treatment prescribed by the doctor.
- If you work out too much or sweat too much, hydrate your body with liquids as less liquids cause less urine production, hence more chances of forming stones.
What Are The Things One Should Avoid To Manage Kidney Stone?
- Don’t let your body dehydrate.
- Don’t take symptoms like back pain or stomach pain lightly.
- Avoid taking more than 1000mg calcium per day.
- Don’t drink too much of alcohol.
What Are The Best Foods For Kidney Stone?
- Eat calcium-rich foods (preferably fresh foods instead of supplements). Foods rich in calcium are cheese, seeds, yogurt, sardines, almonds, canned salmon, whey protein, green leafy vegetables etc.
- Vitamin B rich foods help people with kidney stones. Some of the rich sources of vitamin B6 are seafood, bananas, poultry, potatoes, leafy green vegetables like spinach, and fortified cereals.
What Are The Worst Foods For Kidney Stone?
- Reduce consumption of oxalate-rich foods: Some people tend to form calcium oxalate stones; hence their doctor may suggest them to reduce such foods. These include beets, okra, rhubarb, spinach, sweet potatoes, Swiss chard, nuts, tea, black pepper, chocolate, and soy products.
- Reduce salt and animal protein. Reduce the amount of salt you eat and choose non-animal protein source.
- Since different people get different types of stones (uric acid, calcium oxalate, calcium phosphate, and cysteine), identify the type of your stone and avoid foods rich in those salts or minerals.
What Are The Medicines For Kidney Stone?
What Are The Tips To Manage Kidney Stone?