What Is Melasma?
- Melasma or chloasma spots look similar to age spots but larger areas of skin are darkened.
What Are The Symptoms Of Melasma?
What Are The Causes Of Melasma?
- These appear most commonly due to hormonal changes (due to pregnancy etc.). It can trigger overproduction of melanin causing the "mask of pregnancy" on the face and darken skin on the abdomen and other areas.
- Women taking birth control pills may also develop hyperpigmentation as their bodies undergo the similar type of hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy. If one is really concerned about the pigmentation, she should stop birth control pills.
- Other causes of changes in skin colour are skin diseases like acne, injuries to the skin, surgeries marks.
What Are The Things One Should Do To Manage Melasma?
- Drink lots of water
- Keep your skin oil free
- Maintain healthy diet
- Use vitamin C serum daily
- Apply raw potato slices, turmeric, apple cider vinegar, lemon, aloe vera, vitamin E oil etc. (any of these separately) alternatively on your affected skin.
What Are The Things One Should Avoid To Manage Melasma?
- Do not step out in sun without applying sun screen. Apply sun screen even if you are inside as UV rays can pass through windows.
- Do not sleep with your makeup on.
- Do not let your haemoglobin go below minimum desired level.
- Avoid using hormone based birth control pills. Instead, shift to non-hormone based pills.
- Avoid using chemical based hair colours, as these may enter your skin too.
- Avoid using perfumes, perfumed cosmetics if your skin is allergic.
What Are The Best Foods For Melasma?
- Eat lots of fruits and vegetables:
- Vitamin A (sweet potatoes, red chilli peppers, butternut squash, lettuce, spinach, broccoli, collard greens, and carrots),
- Vitamin C (green leafy vegetables, oranges, cabbage, fortified cereals, lemon, papaya, juices),
- Vitamin E, Vitamin B 12 (Beef, mutton, egg, liver, milk and cheese)
What Are The Worst Foods For Melasma?
One should avoid estrogenic foods like:
- Multi grain bread having flax seeds
- Dried fruits
- Soy milk
- Sesame seeds
- Whole grain cereals
- Alfalfa sprouts
- Alcohol, alcoholic products
What Are The Medicines For Melasma?
What Are The Tips To Manage Melasma?