What Is Overactive bladder?
Overactive bladder is a disorder of bladder where there is a sudden need to urinate and controlling it becomes really difficult. It may also lead to involuntary leakage of urine (incontinence).
Overactive bladder is not a disease in itself but a reflection of urinary symptoms. It happens mostly in women, though some men can also get it.
What Are The Symptoms Of Overactive bladder?
- Sudden urge to urinate and leakage of urine.
- Urge to get up in the night to urinate
- Frequent urination
Overactive bladder can also be a symptom of:
- Bladder cancer
- Urinary tract infection
What Are The Causes Of Overactive bladder?
The factors which increase the risk of overactive bladder are:
- Age, especially post menopause in women
- Diabetes, enlarged prostate, obesity
- Any disease of spinal cord, or brain like multiple sclerosis, or stroke.
- Any kind of nerve damage, weak pelvis muscles
What Are The Things One Should Do To Manage Overactive bladder?
Not every person with overactive bladder has to go for surgery. Some lifestyle changes can also help in curing the disease.
- Do some pelvic exercises as advised by the doctor to relax your muscles.
- Try to hold the urine for a few seconds/ minutes whenever you feel the urge. Slowly increase the duration of wait.
- When you go to bathroom, sit there for a few seconds extra and pass the urine fully.
What Are The Things One Should Avoid To Manage Overactive bladder?
- Avoid foods or drinks which can irritate your bladder.
- Avoid drinking fluids after 6pm to reduce the frequency of waking up in the night.
- Do not cut down on water as it can lead your body to dehydrate,
What Are The Best Foods For Overactive bladder?
- Pumpkin seeds are rich in omega-3 fatty acids, which have anti-inflammatory properties. Pumpkin seed oil reduces symptoms of OAB and improves the urinary function.
- Soybean seed extract also helps in reducing incontinence.
- High fiber foods like whole wheat breads, beans, oats, lentils, almonds, fruits and vegetables help in reducing constipation. Constipation puts pressure on the pelvis and it is important to treat constipation to improve bladder function.
- Capsaicin, found in the fleshy part of Chile peppers, bell peppers, jalapeno, cayenne peppers and other peppers in the same family, is commonly used to treat pelvic pain syndrome, a symptom of OBA.
- Add plain water, soy milk, barley water, apple and pear juice to your liquid intake as they all add to health of bladder and cause less irritation to the bladder.
- Add non acidic foods like banana, apples, coconuts, strawberries, blackberries etc. to your diet.
- Vegetables like asparagus, cucumbers, broccoli, kale, celery, carrots, lettuce, peppers are good for the bladder health.
What Are The Worst Foods For Overactive bladder?
- Smoking and alcohol irritate the bladder, hence should be avoided.
- Avoid tomato, tomato based products like ketchups, sauce, pizza sauce, pasta as tomato causes irritation in the bladder, thus increasing the symptoms of OAB.
- Avoid citrus fruits like oranges, lemons, grapefruits, coffee, sodas, carbonated drinks, tea, spicy foods as they all can contribute to overactive bladder.
- Limit sugar intake (both natural as well as artificial).
- Avoid eating raw onion.
What Are The Medicines For Overactive bladder?
What Are The Tips To Manage Overactive bladder?
- You can use diapers to avoid getting up at night or while travelling to avoid embarrassment.
- Choose a seat closer to the bathroom while traveling in an aeroplane or watching a movie so that you vcan get there quickly.