What Is Pityriasis?
When there is scaling or flaking of the skin, the condition is known as pityriasis. There are several forms of pityriasis such as:
- Pityriasis rosea
- Pityriasis alba
- Pityriasis capitis (commonly known as dandruff)
- Pityriasis lichenoides et varioliformis acuta
- Pityriasis lichenoides chronica
- Pityriasis circinata
- Pityriasis Rubra pilaris
- Pityriasis amiantacea
- Pityriasis Versicolor
The most commonly occurring form of pityriasis is pityriasis rosea and so we will be discussing this. Pityriasis rosea is a commonly occurring skin problem that produces a rash. The term “pityriasis rosea” means “benign pink scale” and occurs as scaly patches that appear on the arms, legs, neck, and torso and may sometimes itch.
Pityriasis rosea is quite a harmless skin problem and usually occurs in people of ages 10-35 years and it usually occurs most often in the autumn and spring seasons. Pityriasis rosea is not a contagious disease and does not cause any other problems.
What Are The Symptoms Of Pityriasis?
Some of the symptoms of pityriasis rosea are:
- First, a large single (herald) patch appears.
- The herald patch is a tan or red colored spot, which is also scaled.
- After a week of the appearance of the herald patch, a fine rash or smaller spots start appearing.
- The spots then turn into red or tan colored oval patches.
- The patches have a loose and crinkly texture in the middle. The rash can be itchy.
- Usually, the rash appears on the upper arms or upper portion of the body.
- The patches may also appear along the rib lines. They may spread to the upper thighs and sometimes may spread to the lower portion of the face and neck.
The other symptoms of pityriasis rosea before the appearance of the rash are:
- Feeling unwell
- A headache, fever
- Joint pain
What Are The Causes Of Pityriasis?
The cause of pityriasis rosea is largely unknown and like other skin problems, this is not an allergic reaction. Pityriasis rosea may be due to a bacterial or viral infection. Some medications can also cause the rash.
What Are The Things One Should Do To Manage Pityriasis?
- Try and keep your body cool. If your body gets too hot and sweaty, it can cause the rash and itching to worsen.
- Have lukewarm showers or bath.
- Using menthol and calamine lotions can help to relieve the itching.
- Using moisturizing creams or lotions can help to soothe the irritated skin.
- Expose the affected parts of your body to sunlight for around 10-15 minutes daily.
What Are The Things One Should Avoid To Manage Pityriasis?
- Avoid very hot water while bathing, as it can cause the skin to get dry and irritated and also cause the rash to worsen.
- Avoid harsh soaps, as it can cause the skin to become too dry.
- Avoid wearing silk or synthetic clothes as this can irritate the skin.
What Are The Best Foods For Pityriasis?
- Cucumber contains cucurbitacin which helps to improve the immune function of the body and is helpful for the condition of pityriasis rosea. So, include plenty of cucumber in your diet.
- Eating walnuts can be helpful for the condition of the pityriasis rosea due to the presence of vitamin E in walnuts.
- Including apples in your diet can help to improve the condition of the skin if you’re suffering from pityriasis rosea.
- Including healthy foods such as oats, brown rice, barley, millet, green beans, etc. can help in faster recovery from pityriasis rosea.
What Are The Worst Foods For Pityriasis?
- Avoid eating pickles as it can worsen the condition of pityriasis rosea.
- Shrimps can cause an allergic reaction in the body and can aggravate the condition of pityriasis rosea. So, it is a good idea to avoid including shellfish in your diet if you’re suffering from pityriasis rosea.
- Avoid fatty and fried foods like French fries, chips, bacon, etc., as they may cause excessive secretion of the sebaceous glands and can make skin metabolism burdened and delay the process of healing.
What Are The Medicines For Pityriasis?
What Are The Tips To Manage Pityriasis?
Some natural remedies for pityriasis rosea are:
- Aloe vera has antioxidant and antimicrobial properties that help to prevent infection and also help it to heal quickly. Using the fresh gel from the aloe vera leaf on the affected area 2-3 times in a day can help to provide relief from the itching caused due to pityriasis rosea.
- Taking baths with oatmeal powder added to it can help to relieve the irritation and itching of the skin, as oatmeal has anti-inflammatory properties.
- Coconut oil has anti-microbial properties and is also a good moisturizer. Applying a few drops of coconut oil to the affected areas twice a day can provide relief from itching.
- Neem leaves have antiviral, anti-inflammatory and antifungal properties and adding a handful of neem leaves to a bucket of water and boiling it for 7-10 minutes and having a bath with the water once it cools can help to provide relief in the case of pityriasis rosea.
- Applying a few drops of lavender oil to the affected areas can help to soothe the rashes and itching in the case of pityriasis rosea.
- Safflower oil helps to moisturize the skin and relieve itching as it contains omega-3 fatty acids.
- Applying tea tree oil 2-3 times a day can help to reduce the skin inflammation and itching.
- Garlic has antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties and chewing on raw garlic cloves on an empty stomach in the morning can help to provide relief in the case of pityriasis rosea.
- Grinding a tablespoon of flaxseeds and having it in the mornings can help to heal the skin, as flaxseeds are an excellent source of omega-3 fatty acids which can help to reduce the redness and itching of the skin.
- Using oil infused with calendula flowers can help to heal the rashes in the case of pityriasis rosea, as calendula has antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties that can relieve the itching of the skin.
- The herb mullein has antiviral properties and can help to kill microbes in the body and can be used to help relieve the itching of the skin if your suffering from pityriasis rosea. Just blend the mullein leaves and apply the paste to the affected areas and leave it for around 30 minutes and rinse off with cool water for relief.
- The herb comfrey contains the compound allantoin that helps to hasten the process of healing of the skin and it has emollient and astringent properties that make the skin smooth and soft.