What Is Pulmonary Hypertension?
Pulmonary Hypertension, also known as "PH," is a life-threatening condition characterised by the increase in blood pressure in the pulmonary artery, pulmonary vein, or pulmonary capillaries. It decreases the exercise tolerance and increases the cardiac work load.
What Are The Symptoms Of Pulmonary Hypertension?
The following are the symptoms that are observed in an individual with Pulmonary Hypertension.
- Chest Pain.
- Dizziness or fainting spells.
- Shortness of breath when laid flat or sleeping.
- Swelling in ankles and legs or eventually leading to ascites.
- Fading or bluish colouring of the lips or skin (Cyanosis).
- Fastening of heart beat and palpitations.
What Are The Causes Of Pulmonary Hypertension?
Pulmonary Hypertension can be caused due to many reasons such as:
- Blood clots in the lungs.
- Metabolic disorders, such as glycogen storage disease.
- Congestive Heart Failure (CHF).
- Emphysema, pulmonary fibrosis, chronic bronchitis or other pulmonary diseases.
- Drug abuse or adverse drug effects
- Any heart disease
- Sleep apnea.
What Are The Things One Should Do To Manage Pulmonary Hypertension?
To get rid and relieved of PH, these are the following things you can try.
- Take plenty of rest to reduce the fatigue.
- Stay active and get involved in regular physical exercises.
- Practice breathing exercises to improve shortness of breath.
- Follow a healthy diet.
- Stick to the prescribed medication.
What Are The Things One Should Avoid To Manage Pulmonary Hypertension?
It is better to avoid the following things to avoid the complications of Pulmonary Hypertension.
- Do not consume alcohol at all.
- Do not smoke.
- Do not consume processed foods.
- Do not travel to high altitudes.
- Do not use birth control pills.
- Do not get exposed to factors triggering lung diseases.
- Do not sit in a hot tub or sauna, which can even lead to death.
- Do not lift heavy objects.
What Are The Best Foods For Pulmonary Hypertension?
To manage pulmonary hypertension effectively, take the foods that are high and rich in nutrients like:
- Iron rich diet: Iron rich diet like red meat, leafy green vegetables and beans help in reducing the risks of PH.
- Vitamin C rich diet: Foods rich in vitamin c such as bell peppers, tomatoes and broccoli can help absorb the iron in the body.
- Garlic: Consuming raw garlic helps in maintaining the blood pressure level.
- Foods rich in Potassium and Magnesium: These minerals operate to reduce the effect of sodium. Sodium leads to increase in hypertension, so foods containing Potassium and Magnesium are suitable for patients. These include bananas, dried fruits, oranges, broccoli, tofu, peanuts, etc.
What Are The Worst Foods For Pulmonary Hypertension?
These are the foods that should be avoided to stop the growth of PH.
- Fats, Lipids and Oils: Fats food such as cheese and oily food should be avoided as it can deteriorate the health further.
- Sodium Rich foods: Decrease the usage of salt in the food as it affects the blood pressure.
- Vitamin K rich food: Reduce the intake of vitamin k containing foods like green leafy vegetables as it can alter the working of blood thinning medicines. Do note that green leafy vegetables also have iron in them, which is best for PH reduction. So, to avoid Vitamin K in the body, make sure that the patient is consuming these through a moderate diet. These include silver beet, broccoli, spinach, etc.
- Drinks containing Caffeine and Nicotine: Drinks like tea and coffee contain nicotine and caffeine respectively as these can increase the blood pressure leading to more blockage while pumping of blood through the arteries. Therefore, these should be avoided.
What Are The Medicines For Pulmonary Hypertension?
What Are The Tips To Manage Pulmonary Hypertension?
Lose weight in the case of obesity.