Schizoid personality disorder

What Is Schizoid personality disorder?

Schizoid personality disorder (SPD) is a type of personality disorder characterised by indifferent or introvert behaviour such as lack of interest in relationships, avoiding interaction and meeting with others, limited range of love, emotions or expressions.

The person suffering from SPD often tends to stay alone, finds difficulties in expressing his/her emotions, lacks a desire for intimacy or building a close relationship with others.

What Is Schizoid personality disorder?

Schizoid personality disorder (SPD) is a type of personality disorder characterised by indifferent or introvert behaviour such as lack of interest in relationships, avoiding interaction and meeting with others, limited range of love, emotions or expressions.

The person suffering from SPD often tends to stay alone, finds difficulties in expressing his/her emotions, lacks a desire for intimacy or building a close relationship with others.

What Are The Symptoms Of Schizoid personality disorder?

A schizoid personality disorder is called as schizophrenia-like personality disorder but it is not exactly the same as schizophrenia. In Schizoid personality disorder, people find difficulty in building relationships and expressing their emotions.

Following are some symptoms which are observed in Schizoid personality disorder:

  • Lack of interest in making relationships
  • Difficulty in expressing emotions and feelings
  • A restricted or limited range of emotions
  • Taking no or less pleasure in some activities including sex
  • Aloof, cold and indifferent behaviour
  • Lack of meaningful communication
  • Prefers isolation
  • Daydreaming and creating fantasies
  • Feels demotivated
  • Indifferent to praise or criticism

What Are The Causes Of Schizoid personality disorder?

SPD typically begins in childhood. The cause behind SPD is unknown. Still, some of the genetic or environmental factors are thought to the cause behind Schizoid personality disorder. Some of the causes are listed below:

  • Having a family history of Schizoid personality disorder increases the risk of suffering from SPD.
  • Having a parent who was cold, unresponsive or neglectful to the emotional need and well being.
  • Malnutrition, preterm birth or low birth weight also increases the risk of developing SPD.
  • Traumatic brain injury 

What Are The Things One Should Do To Manage Schizoid personality disorder?

If someone of your known is diagnosed with SPD then:

  • Talk to him and make him realise that he is going through some problem. Such patients never admit the fact that something is wrong with them.
  • Try to involve such person in some activities.
  • Provide medications regularly as the person with SPD usually tried to skip the medicines.
  • Always encourage the patient and educate them about the side effects of the medications also.
  • Be consistent and patient as recovery may take time.
  • Stay and think positively.

What Are The Things One Should Avoid To Manage Schizoid personality disorder?

  • Never discourage the patient with SPD. It will make them more aggressive.
  • Don’t allow the patient to stop the medications without consulting with a doctor. There may be some withdrawal symptoms also.

What Are The Best Foods For Schizoid personality disorder?

  • Green leafy vegetables: These are full of essential nutrients which are required for good growth and development of mind and body. Broccoli, spinach, tomatoes, carrots, beans, etc should be added to your daily diet to get complete nutrition.
  • Omega-3 fatty acids:  Fish oil, nuts, salmon, flaxseeds, walnuts are rich sources of omega-3 fatty acids beneficial in improving the brain function.
  • Fresh Fruits: Fresh fruits contain a high amount of vitamins and minerals. These are necessary to build a healthy mind. Eating fresh fruits daily will help to prevent the nutritional deficiencies.
  • Nuts and seeds: Nuts and seeds are important to increase the memory and thinking power. These help us in concentrating and focusing. These are found beneficial in improving cognitive behaviour in adults.    
  • Fibre-rich food: whole wheat bread, barley, brown rice, quinoa are rich sources of dietary fibre which are good for digestion and improve brain functionality also.

What Are The Worst Foods For Schizoid personality disorder?

  • Junk foods: Eliminate junk food to keep your mind and body healthy. These contain a high amount of spices and cholesterol which increase the production of insulin in the body. These have low nutritional values and increase the risk of developing depression and anxiety.
  • Sugar: Sugar and its products should be avoided as they increase the glucose level of the body. This affects the cognitive well being.
  • Fried food: This type of food increases the inflammation and affects the normal functioning of the brain.
  • Processed carbohydrates: These tend to increase the inflammation and glucose level of the body. These have a negative effect on the brain.

What Are The Medicines For Schizoid personality disorder?

What Are The Tips To Manage Schizoid personality disorder?

  • SPD cannot be only managed with medications. Medications are helpful in reducing the depression and anxiety but are not sufficient alone to treat SPD. Here are some tips to manage SPD:
  • Therapies: Cognitive behavioural therapy and psychotherapy are extremely helpful in managing SPD. This includes talk therapy and group therapy. Maintaining a close relationship with the patient and understanding his emotions will be helpful.
  • Group therapies provide the opportunities to interact with other people and to improve social skills.
  • Self-help is the best treatment to manage SPD. Building strong relationships and sharing your emotions and feelings are very much important to get out of this disorder.

What Are The Symptoms Of Schizoid personality disorder?

A schizoid personality disorder is called as schizophrenia-like personality disorder but it is not exactly the same as schizophrenia. In Schizoid personality disorder, people find difficulty in building relationships and expressing their emotions.

Following are some symptoms which are observed in Schizoid personality disorder:

  • Lack of interest in making relationships
  • Difficulty in expressing emotions and feelings
  • A restricted or limited range of emotions
  • Taking no or less pleasure in some activities including sex
  • Aloof, cold and indifferent behaviour
  • Lack of meaningful communication
  • Prefers isolation
  • Daydreaming and creating fantasies
  • Feels demotivated
  • Indifferent to praise or criticism

What Are The Causes Of Schizoid personality disorder?

SPD typically begins in childhood. The cause behind SPD is unknown. Still, some of the genetic or environmental factors are thought to the cause behind Schizoid personality disorder. Some of the causes are listed below:

  • Having a family history of Schizoid personality disorder increases the risk of suffering from SPD.
  • Having a parent who was cold, unresponsive or neglectful to the emotional need and well being.
  • Malnutrition, preterm birth or low birth weight also increases the risk of developing SPD.
  • Traumatic brain injury 

What Are The Things One Should Do To Manage Schizoid personality disorder?

If someone of your known is diagnosed with SPD then:

  • Talk to him and make him realise that he is going through some problem. Such patients never admit the fact that something is wrong with them.
  • Try to involve such person in some activities.
  • Provide medications regularly as the person with SPD usually tried to skip the medicines.
  • Always encourage the patient and educate them about the side effects of the medications also.
  • Be consistent and patient as recovery may take time.
  • Stay and think positively.

What Are The Things One Should Avoid To Manage Schizoid personality disorder?

  • Never discourage the patient with SPD. It will make them more aggressive.
  • Don’t allow the patient to stop the medications without consulting with a doctor. There may be some withdrawal symptoms also.

What Are The Best Foods For Schizoid personality disorder?

  • Green leafy vegetables: These are full of essential nutrients which are required for good growth and development of mind and body. Broccoli, spinach, tomatoes, carrots, beans, etc should be added to your daily diet to get complete nutrition.
  • Omega-3 fatty acids:  Fish oil, nuts, salmon, flaxseeds, walnuts are rich sources of omega-3 fatty acids beneficial in improving the brain function.
  • Fresh Fruits: Fresh fruits contain a high amount of vitamins and minerals. These are necessary to build a healthy mind. Eating fresh fruits daily will help to prevent the nutritional deficiencies.
  • Nuts and seeds: Nuts and seeds are important to increase the memory and thinking power. These help us in concentrating and focusing. These are found beneficial in improving cognitive behaviour in adults.    
  • Fibre-rich food: whole wheat bread, barley, brown rice, quinoa are rich sources of dietary fibre which are good for digestion and improve brain functionality also.

What Are The Worst Foods For Schizoid personality disorder?

  • Junk foods: Eliminate junk food to keep your mind and body healthy. These contain a high amount of spices and cholesterol which increase the production of insulin in the body. These have low nutritional values and increase the risk of developing depression and anxiety.
  • Sugar: Sugar and its products should be avoided as they increase the glucose level of the body. This affects the cognitive well being.
  • Fried food: This type of food increases the inflammation and affects the normal functioning of the brain.
  • Processed carbohydrates: These tend to increase the inflammation and glucose level of the body. These have a negative effect on the brain.

What Are The Medicines For Schizoid personality disorder?

What Are The Tips To Manage Schizoid personality disorder?

  • SPD cannot be only managed with medications. Medications are helpful in reducing the depression and anxiety but are not sufficient alone to treat SPD. Here are some tips to manage SPD:
  • Therapies: Cognitive behavioural therapy and psychotherapy are extremely helpful in managing SPD. This includes talk therapy and group therapy. Maintaining a close relationship with the patient and understanding his emotions will be helpful.
  • Group therapies provide the opportunities to interact with other people and to improve social skills.
  • Self-help is the best treatment to manage SPD. Building strong relationships and sharing your emotions and feelings are very much important to get out of this disorder.