What Is Warts?
Warts generally refer to small, harmless tumours formed on the skin usually caused by Human Papillomavirus. These warts are well-defined with skin thickening, and their appearance differs based on the location and type of wart. There are also genital warts that affect the genitals. The types of warts include:
- Common warts or Verruca Vulgaris: These have a firm, rough, and raised surface. These have an appearance similar to that of cauliflower. These are usually found in elbows, knees, fingers, knuckles or any other area with broken skin.
- Filiform warts: Also called as verruca filiform is, these are long and thin warts commonly found on the neck, eyelids, and armpits.
- Genital warts: These are usually soft and are found on the genitals, which might also lead to cervical cancer.
- Plane Warts: These are yellowish, brownish, or skin coloured warts, which are round, smooth, and flat. They usually grow in large numbers, especially on sun-exposed areas.
- Plantar Warts: These are usually found on the heels, toes and on the soles of the feet. These are considered to be quite difficult to clear. These are also found to grow into the skin as they get constantly pressed due to the person’s body weight.
- Mosaic wart: These are nothing but multiple plantar warts that form a large cluster.
- Periungual warts: These are commonly found under and around the fingernails and toenails, which affect the growth of nails and are quite painful.
- Warts might also contain blood vessels in the form of black dots that can lead to bleeding and are called seed warts. Uninfected warts do not contain pus. Warts are usually found in children between 12-16 years of age.
What Are The Symptoms Of Warts?
Symptoms caused by warts are as follows:
- Fleshy, Small and Grainy bumps on hands or fingers.
- The warts are usually painless and occur in wide range of shapes and sizes based on the type and location of the wart.
- However, these can be painful when pressure is applied on the spot.
- Tiny blood vessels are found the core to supply the wart with blood and are commonly seen as tiny dark spots.
What Are The Causes Of Warts?
- The only cause for warts is the DNA-containing Human papillomavirus (HPV). Over 100 genetically different types of HPVs have been identified to date. The virus enters the skin either by direct contact with an infected individual or by direct contact with the virus that has been recently shed to the environment. Sharing of personal items like towels or razors can also spread the disease. The human papillomavirus usually takes entry into the skin through a recent site of skin injury. The incubation time for this virus is said to be 1 to 8 months.
What Are The Things One Should Do To Manage Warts?
Here are the certain things that are to be followed to effectively combat warts:
- Wash your hands often to avoid any further chances of infection of the virus.
- Always cover your warts with bandages.
- It is recommended to keep your hands and feet dry.
- Freezing treatments or patches containing salicylic acid are found to be very effective and can be followed.
What Are The Things One Should Avoid To Manage Warts?
These are the things to be avoided in the proper management of warts:
- Don’t treat plantar warts if you have diabetes as diabetes often leads to loss of sensation in the feet. This can result in injuring oneself without even realizing the extent of pain.
- Don’t try to get rid of warts on face, genitals, mouth, or nostrils without a proper medical assistance.
- Don’t pick at your warts.
- Don’t use any articles that are meant to rub warts on any other parts of the body, as the warts are contagious.
What Are The Best Foods For Warts?
These are some of the best foods recommended in the management of warts:
- Zinc rich foods: It is found that people with warts are often zinc deficient. Thus, zinc rich foods like spinach, shrimp, flax seeds, pumpkin seeds, chickpeas, lamb, and grass-fed beef.
- Vegetables: Vegetables are rich sources of essential nutrients that are necessary to boost your immune system. Some of the most recommended vegetables in the treatment of warts include carrots, broccoli, spinach, and kale.
- Vitamin C Rich foods: Vitamin C is found to have an excellent potency to boost your immune system and has a significant antiviral capacity. Foods rich in vitamin C like oranges, grapefruits, kale, blueberries, strawberries, and tomatoes not only help to cure existing warts but also prevent the formation of new warts.
- Leafy greens: These contain high levels of essential minerals like calcium selenium, magnesium, and phosphorus that boost the immune system. Best leafy greens recommended in the treatment of warts are lettuce, parsley, chard, spinach, and others.
- Green tea: The compounds present in green tea like polyphenols and epigallocatechin gallate are powerful antioxidants and help in the cure of warts.
- Garlic: It contains effective antioxidants that possess antifungal, antiviral, and anti-parasitic properties.
- Oregano: Oregano is an excellent source of flavonoids and phenolic acids and is very effective in the treatment of warts.
- Protein rich foods: Protein rich foods have been found very effective in the management of warts. Eggs, oysters, almonds, beans, tofu, lean meats, and cold water fish are recommended as the part of the diet to treat warts.
What Are The Worst Foods For Warts?
Some of the worst foods that are to be avoided in the treatment of warts are:
- Sugary foods: Sugar can enhance the growth of the virus and abnormal spike in the blood sugar levels are also bad for the immune system. Bakes, pastries, cookies, and candies have to be avoided.
- Fried and processed foods: Foods like chips, rings, doughnuts, and fries contain excess amounts of trans-fats and saturated fats are bad for health and have no nutrient value. Hence, while nursing warts one should avoid fried food because then you will be more prone to develop other diseases as well.
- Coffee: Caffeine can be a stimulant for the growth of the virus and has to be avoided.
- Alcohol: This suppresses the immune system and can help in the growth of the virus and its intake has to be limited or stopped. Therefore it should be avoided when having warts.
What Are The Medicines For Warts?
What Are The Tips To Manage Warts?
- Essential oils like tea tree, lemon, frankincense, thyme, oregano, and eucalyptus can be used to rub on warts to get rid of them quickly.
- Banana peels and garlic can also be used to treat warts by covering them.
- Use of Aloe Vera over the wart decreases viral resistance and helps in getting rid of wart quickly.
- Similarly applying pineapple, radish, figs, onions, and potato can also help in treating warts.