What Are The Uses Of Acetazolamide?
Acetazolamide is a water pill (diuretic) used to treat:
- The symptoms of altitude sickness.
- Certain types of eye problems like open-angle glaucoma, acute angle-closure glaucoma
- Epilepsy, periodical paralysis
- Heart failure
- The increased pressure around the brain
Acetazolamide prevents the breakdown of carbonic acid, thus resulting in its accumulation. This results in lower blood pH.
What Are The Side Effects Of Acetazolamide?
Some of the common side effects of are:
- Fatigue, drowsiness
- Decreased libido, depression
- Metallic or bitter taste in mouth, nausea, vomiting
- Abdominal cramps, black faeces, diarrhoea,
- Kidney stones, electrolyte changes
What Are The Contraindications Of Acetazolamide?
Please inform your doctor if you have any of the following conditions:
- Low blood sodium
- Low blood potassium
- Impaired kidney function, liver function
- Adrenal insufficiency
- Electrolyte imbalance (e.g., hypokalemia, hyponatremia, hyperchloremia)
- Severe renal diseases like anuria, renal failure