What Are The Uses Of Warfarin?
Warfarin reduces blood clotting time and prevents blood clot. So it’s most common use is blood thinner.
It is popularly used to treat blood clots in conditions like deep vein thrombosis (formation of blood clot in deep vein) and pulmonary embolism (blockage of artery in lungs). Moreover, it prevents stroke and heart attack in people who have atrial fibrillation (irregular heart rhythm), valvular heart disease, recent heart attack or artificial heart valves replacement surgery and orthopedic surgeries.
What Are The Side Effects Of Warfarin?
The most common side effect is bleeding. If used with other anticoagulants, it may cause high blood pressure and abnormal kidney function.
Some of the rare side effects observed have been:
- Warfarin necrosis (skin tissue death due to warfarin)
- Osteoporosis (reduction in bone density/ softening of bone)
- Purple toe syndrome (deposition of cholesterol in toe)
Overdoes of warfarin may cause severe conditions like hemorrhagein brain and spinal cord.
What Are The Contraindications Of Warfarin?
Warfarin ishighly contraindicated in patients of hemophilia and anemia or similar medical history.
Moreover, should not be given to person with bleeding problems like stomach/ intestinal bleeding (stomach and intestinal ulcers), recent major surgery and liver diseases. Not advised to use during pregnancy, as it may cause abortion, stillbirth, neonatal death, preterm birth and birth defects.