• 30 MAY 18
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    5 important blood-tests every woman should have

    5 important blood-tests every woman should have

    In a study, it is revealed that women are more likely to visit a healthcare professional than men for their regular checkups. When we talk about women’s health their hormonal balance is taken into consideration. In order to check the changes in hormonal levels, several blood tests are carried out. A blood test reveals the state of your body. These are done in order to diagnose the diseases such as heart diseases, diabetes, cholesterol level or thyroid. A blood test provides several benefits far beyond disease prevention. Here is this article we are giving some important blood tests that every woman should get done at regular intervals.

    1. Complete Blood Count(CBC) Test:

     

    Meaning: This test is done to evaluate the overall health and disorders related to blood such anaemia, leukaemia or any other type of infection. In this test, several components of blood are measures such as RBC’s, WBC’s, Hemoglobin, Hematocrit, and Platelets. Abnormal levels indicate some underlying disease.

    Range:

    Test Range
    Red blood cell count 3.90-5.03 trillion cells/L
    White blood cell count 3.5-10.5 billion cells/L
    Hemoglobin 12.0-15.5 grams/dL or (120-155 grams/L)
    Hematocrit 34.9-44.5 percent
    Platelet count 150-450 billion/L

     

    1. Diabetes screening test:

     

    Meaning: This test helps to measure the level of glucose in your blood. This test is done to check the sugar absorption by your body. Doctor recommends this test to check the risk of diabetes. It can be done as a part of routine checkup also.

    Range:                                                

    Condition without Diabetes                                           with Diabetes
    Fasting       70–99 mg/dl (3.9–5.5 mmol/L) 80–130 mg/dl (4.4–7.2mmol/L)
    2 hours after meal 140 mg/dl (7.8 mmol/L) 180 mg/dl (10.0 mmol/L)
    HbA1c    5.7%  7.0%

     

    1. Lipid profile (cholesterol and triglycerides) test:

     

    Meaning: This test helps to check the cholesterol level in the body. Changes in lifestyle and eating habits make its necessary to get this test done. This test will be a good indicator of your risk for heart diseases due to cholesterol. Two kinds of cholesterol are there in our body- good cholesterol (HDL) and bad cholesterol (LDL). The combined reading of both is total cholesterol reading. Also, it helps in measuring triglycerides(fat) in our body.

    Range:

    Type Desrirable Borderline High risk
    Cholesterol 200mg/dl 200-239mg/dl 240mg/dl
    Triglycerides 150mg/dl 150-199mg/dl 200-499mg/dl
    HDL 60mg/dl 35-35mg/dl 35mg/dl
    LDL 60-130mg/dl 130-159mg/dl 160-189mg/dl
    Cholesterol/HDL ratio 4.0 5.0 6.0

     

    1. Thyroid Function Test:

     

    Meaning: Thyroid disorder is seen in maximum women above the age of 30 years. Hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism are the two types of thyroid disorders. Looking at the risk involved it becomes necessary for every woman to get thyroid function test. This test measures the working of the Thyroid gland.

    Range:                                                                        

    Test             Reference Range
    TSH (Thyroid Stimulating Hormone) 0.5-4.70 µIU/mL
    Total T4 (Thyroxine) 4.5-12.5 µg/dL
    Free T4 (Free Thyroxine) 0.8-1.8 ng/dL
    Total T3 (Triiodothyronine 80 -200 ng/dL
    Free T3 (Free Triiodothyronine) 2.3- 4.2 pg/mL
    RT3 (Reverse T3/Reverse Triiodothyronine) 10-24 ng/dL
    TPOAb (Thyroid Peroxidase Antibodies 0-35 IU/mL
    TSI (Thyroid-stimulating Immunoglobulins) 0-1.3
    Tg (Thyroglobulin) No thyroid gland: 0 -0.1ng/ml.

    Still have a gland: 0-33 ng/mL

    TgAb (Thyroglobulin Antibodies) 0-4.0 IU/Ml

     

    1. Vitamin D test:

     

    Meaning: Vitamin D is a vital nutrient for maintenance and growth of bones and teeth. This is helpful in building strong immune system also by protecting the body from heart diseases, diabetes and cancer. The amount of 25 hydroxyvitamin D indicates the levels of vitamin D in the body. This test is done to check if Vitamin D level is too low or too high in your body.

    Range:

    1. Deficiency: less than 30 nmol/L (12 ng/mL)
    2. Normal levels: between 30 nmol/L (12 ng/mL) and 50 nmol/L (20 ng/mL)
    3. Potential deficiency: between 50 nmol/L (20 ng/mL) and 125 nmol/L (50 ng/mL)
    4. High levels: higher than 125 nmol/L (50 ng/mL)

     

    Get these tests done today if you have not yet. Proper nutrition and some exercise will add energy to your body and reduces the risk of diseases also. So it is necessary to have a regular body and blood tests by every woman to check the proper functioning of their body because a body is like a car, only well oiled and maintained car will run on the roads of life till last.

    Get tested and keep your body healthy and disease free.

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