Acne is a big obstacle in the achievement of people’s goals to achieve a clear and good looking skin. Acne is found to be the most common skin condition of all times. A study revealed that around 80% of the population suffers from acne at some point in their life. It is mistakenly thought to be the disease of teenagers only. However, a significant number of people suffer from acne after their teenage years also. Acne has become as most common skin condition prevailing worldwide. What does this acne mean? What are its causes? How can it be treated? Let’s find out the answers to these questions one by one.
What does Acne mean?
Acne is a chronic and inflammatory skin condition mainly characterized by red spots and pimples on the skin, especially on the face which results into whiteheads and blackheads. It can result in scars as well. Blocking of pores of skin can result in acne. Acne can occur at any age.
Causes of Acne
The exact cause is not known. It is caused by many factors. Several risk factors are listed below:
- Age: It can occur at any age. Teenagers are supposed to be more prone to acne due to changes in their hormonal level.
- Heredity: Family history of acne can make one susceptible to this disease.
- Gender: Acne develops more often in males than females.
- Hormonal disorders: Hormonal disorders can result in acne mainly in women.
- Hormonal changes: Hormonal changes during menstruation, pregnancy, and menopause increases the risk of getting acne.
- Medications: Acne can be a result of side effect of drugs such steroids, oral contraceptives antidepressants and antibiotics.
- Diet: Although food cannot be linked to acne, certain foods such as white grains and sweets can flare up acne.
- Application of Cosmetics: Use of Oil-based makeup’s, abrasive soaps, hair sprays and hard scrubbing of skin can worsen acne.
- Environmental factors: Exposure to polluted air, hot weather and oil aggravates acne.
- Stress: Stress may also contribute to acne.
Symptoms of Acne
Main signs of acne include the increase in secretion of oily sebum by the skin and results in scarring. Signs and symptoms vary depending on the severity of the condition and also upon the skin color.
Acne can be from mild to severe and mostly develops on the face, neck, shoulders, back or chest. Many people take acne to be just pimples. A person who has acne can have one of the following symptoms:
- Blackheads Small red, tender bumps (papules)
- Cystic lesions
Diagnosis and treatment
If anyone feels like having the symptoms and signs of acne, then he should consult a skin specialist or a dermatologist. A dermatologist will then diagnose your skin and will check what type of acne you have. Accordingly, treatment will be started depending on the type and severity of acne.
There are two types of treatment for acne:
- Topical Treatment 2. Systemic Treatment
Topical treatment involves the use of retinoid and antibiotics. Topical retinoid helps to reduce the numbers inflammatory lesions and should be used as first-line therapy for inflammatory acne. Commonly used retinoid are adapalene, tretinoin, and tazarotene. Antibiotics are also used to treat acne. Clindamycin is the common topical antibiotics used to treat acne. Benzoyl peroxide products such as soaps, lotions, gels, and creams are also used to treat acne.
Systemic treatment involves the use of oral antibiotics and hormonal therapies. The tetracycline is commonly prescribed to treat acne. Doxycycline and Minocycline are more lipophilic antibiotics found more effective than tetracycline in the treatment of acne. Hormonal therapies also found effective in the treatment of acne. Combination birth control pills are also used in the treatment of acne. Isotretinoin is a systemic retinoid which is found to be highly effective in the treatment of severe form of acne.
Management of Acne
Here some tips by which one can manage acne and its symptoms:
- Always keep your face clean whether you have acne or not. In case you have, acne then affected areas should be washed twice daily with an antiseptic or mild cleanser.
- Moisturize your skin to minimize the skin peeling and dryness. A thin smear of moisturizer should only be applied to dry clean skin during nighttime.
- Use of fragrances, oils or gels should be avoided on hair.As they can block the skin’s pores if they fall on the skin.
- Apply an oil-free cosmetic and should be used sparingly. Avoid use of oily cosmetics such as foundation or sunscreen.
- Touching your face should be avoided as this can spread bacteria and inflamed skin can be irritated. Picking or popping of pimples with fingers can lead to scarring and infection so should be avoided.
- Avoid staying in the sun as ultraviolet rays can increase redness and inflammation. Also, use of acne medications can make skin sensitive to sunlight.
- Over the counter, products can be used to treat mild acne.
- Oily and greasy food should be avoided. Add fresh fruits and vegetables to your diet that will make your skin look healthier.
- Regular exercise can help you to keep your skin and body healthy.
- Avoid stress as much as you can because some experts link stress to acne also.
It is quite easy to manage acne as large number of medicines and other facilities are available with online pharmacies. We can buy medicines at good discounts through these online pharmacies. We can get consultation and treatment from health experts with the help of these online pharmacies while sitting at home.Leave a reply →