There are millions of women who have to struggle to get conceived. This is called as infertility. Infertility is a treatable disorder and infertility medications are very beneficial in curing this problem. Some infertility cases are well treated with the use of medicines only without going for any other special techniques such as IVF. Taking infertility medications is the first line treatment of infertility. These medicines help many infertile couples to achieve safe pregnancy without any much hassle.
Medicines for infertility are mainly the prescribed one’s which doctor prescribes if you are not able to conceive for about 12 months after regular intercourse. Infertility medications change the hormonal levels and thus help in achieving pregnancy. The use of infertility drugs depends upon the cause of infertility. The underlying cause is diagnosed by the doctor then accordingly the medication is prescribed.
Below are the most commonly used fertility medications for women:
- Clomiphene Citrate
- Metformin Hydrochloride
- Gonadotrophins (FSH and LH)
- Dopamine Agonists(Cabergoline and Bromocriptine)
How do these medications work?
Clomiphene Citrate: Clomiphene initiates the ovulation processing by blocking the effect of oestrogen hormone in the body. This triggers the pituitary gland and increased amount of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and LH (luteinizing hormone) are secreted. These two hormones are responsible for ovulation. These stimulated the ovaries to produce egg and make them ready for fertilization.
It is taken orally for 5 days. The treatment may last for 6 months to achieve pregnancy. Use of Clomiphene can result in multiple pregnancies also.
Metformin Hydrochloride: This medication is prescribed mainly for the women who are suffering from PCOS. PCOS is the topmost cause of infertility. Metformin is the medicine used to treat diabetes. It is prescribed to treat insulin resistance in women with PCOS. It is used in obese women particularly with Clomiphene ton increases its effectiveness. Metformin is taken regularly and helps to stabilize the insulin in the body which in turns induces normal ovulation.
Gonadotrophins: Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) are two Gonadotrophins hormones. These are produced by the pituitary gland. These hormones are responsible for causing ovulation by stimulating the follicles to produce eggs. This medication is usually recommended to those women where Clomiphene fails to induce ovulation. The injections of Gonadotrophins are given to release the eggs from the follicles into the fallopian tubes. This medication is also used during IUI and IVF treatment methods to produce the eggs. This includes:
- Synthetic Human Chorionic Gonadotrophins (Hcg)
- Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)
- Human Menopausal Gonadotrophins (hMG)
- Gonadotrophins-Releasing Hormone (GnRH)
Dopamine Agonists: Hyperprolactinemia can hinder the process of ovulation resulting in infertility. Dopamine Agonists works by increasing dopamine levels in the brain and decreasing the production of prolactin. Cabergoline and Bromocriptine are the top dopamine agonists used to treat infertility. These help to cause the ovulation regularly.
Other infertility medications: This includes:
- Fertility boosting supplements
The above fertility medications are widely used to achieve fertility. These medications are available with several online pharmacies also at very cheap rates which help the couples to save on their pockets also. The combinations of these medicines help to attain fertility without going for expensive treatment. In some of the cases, it takes only a few weeks or months to achieve pregnancy after the use of these medicines. So if you are suffering from infertility, just visit your doctor and he will recommend you the best medicine as per your situation.Leave a reply →