• 28 JUL 17
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    Can arthritis lead to other complications?

    Can arthritis lead to other complications?

    Yes, if arthritis is not controlled or managed at early stage there is a great risk of developing other complications as well. This can lead to complications related to heart, skin, eyes, blood vessels, lungs and other body parts as well. Arthritis is an autoimmune disorder which can cause other serious complications, the reasons for which are unknown. Still these complications can be treated and prevented.

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    Let’s take a brief look on the complications related to arthritis:

    • Inflammation of blood vessels: Arthritis can lead to inflammation of blood vessels which destroys the blood vessels. In this condition blood vessels become weak and supply of the blood is affected. Inflammation shrinks or narrows the size of blood vessels. The signs includes
    • Sores on the skin
    • Rashes on skin which are painful
    • Redness of the skin
    • Osteoporosis: People those who are suffering from arthritis are at a great risk of developing a condition called as osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is a condition in bones becomes thin, weak and brittle. In this disease bones are easily susceptible to fracture. In arthritis inflammation of bones occurs which leads to bone loss and thus increases the risk for developing osteoporosis. The use of corticosteroids in the treatment of arthritis causes bone loss which also contributes for the same.
    • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: This condition is found commonly in people suffering from arthritis due to swelling of joints and tendons. Carpal tunnel syndrome occurs due to compression of median nerve which causes numbness and tingling in the hands. These symptoms are observed generally during night time.
    • Cardiovascular Disease: Arthritis can lead to cardiovascular disorders as well. This includes risks related to heart such as heart attack, high blood pressure, and stroke. Arthritis is an inflammatory disease which can put you at a great risk of having heart disease. Inflammation can result in the rupturing of blood vessels leading to heart attack.
    • Lung disease: People suffering from arthritis at some point are having the risk of developing lung diseases as well. The medication used to treat arthritis can cause inflammation of the lining of the lungs which in turn can result in the severe lung disease called as pulmonary fibrosis. Other complications related to lung disease include increased pressure in the lungs and blockage of the small airways. Symptoms of lung complications include
    • Chest pain
    • Persistent cough
    • Breathing problem
    • Nerve Damage: Arthritis can damage nervous and peripheral nervous system by causing inflammation of the blood vessels which serves the nerves. Signs of nerve damage includes
    • Neck pain
    • Loss of motor activity
    • Numbness
    • Loss of coordination
    • Eye complications: Arthritis can lead to complications related to eyes as well. These complications include dry eyes, itching, pain or vision changes. It can cause inflammation of white part of our eye called as sclera resulting in scleritis.

    There are other complications as well such as inflammation of other body parts, joint damage, and disability. Arthritis also affects our skin by forming lumps.

    These all above-mentioned complications are manageable and can be treated as well with medications and changes in lifestyle. If we observe any of these complications then there should not be any delay in getting the proper treatment because if once these complications get worsen then these can prove to be life taking as well.

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