Everything you Need to Know About Dengue – Part 4

Now that you have understood the symptoms, prevention and treatment procedures of how to care for the dengue patients, here’s some additional information about how the disease progresses and details on patient care that you will find very helpful.

 

Duration of Symptoms

The incubation time for the dengue virus is about a week and this means that the patient is likely to develop symptoms about 4 to 6 days after being bitten by a carrier Aedes aegypti mosquito. The duration of the disease remains from a week to 15 days and this can also depend on the particular strain of the virus. From 6 to 12 hours before displaying symptoms and up to 5 days later, the patient can infect a mosquito. In other words, if an Aedes mosquito were to bite the patient, it could become a carrier and infect other people by biting them.

 

Patient Care Aside From Medication

In addition to the pain and fever medication that must be given to the patient, fluids and oral hydration is very essential. In severe cases, the doctor might also recommend intravenous hydration.

 

Other important factors to keep in mind are:

?     Make sure that the patient’s room is protected from mosquitoes. Use netting on the doors and windows and if possible around the patient’s bed.

?     Make sure the patient wears mosquito repellant at all times. Oil of lemon eucalyptus, thyme oil, cinnamon oil, and soybean oil are natural mosquito repellants that can be safely used on kids also. However, you might want to check with your pediatrician before applying them on kids.

?     Make sure to take the patient for regular tests to check platelet and red blood cell levels.

?     Make sure the patient takes complete bed rest.

 

You can use sponge baths with water at room temperature to bring down the fever.

 

Diet Advised for the Patient

?     Give the patients lots of fluids such as coconut water, orange juice, sweet lime juice, clear soups and any other natural drinks that can help flush away toxins.

?     Offer a healthy, nutritious but light diet including green, leafy vegetables.

?     Avoid oily and spicy food.

?     Juice made from crushed papayas and papaya leaves are believed to help.

 

After Effects and Recovery Time

In about a week’s time after the first symptoms appear, the patient should begin to show signs of recovery such as:

?     The fever should go down

?     The patient should be able to eat better

?     Blood pressure, pulse and breathing should normalize

?     Nausea and vomiting should stop

?     Normal urine output

?     Normal count of red blood cells

?     Appearance of the typical convalescent rash

 

However, if after a week, the patient begins to deteriorate and shows symptoms of dengue hemorrhagic fever, hospitalize the patient immediately.

 

Possibility of a Relapse

Once infected, the patient develops immunity from the particular stereotype of the virus, but if bitten by a mosquito carrying another strain of the virus, he/she can contract the disease again. This is why; it is important to continue to protect yourself and your loved ones from mosquito bites.

 

After Recovery Care

The patient recovering from dengue must take a high protein diet including dairy products, eggs, fish, chicken and other protein rich foods. These foods can help replenish the deficiencies caused by the illness and recover quickly.

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