World Malaria Day is observed every year on April 25. The theme for the year 2018 is “Ready to beat Malaria”. This day is celebrated every year to spread awareness and to control the spreading of malaria. This day emphasizes the goal to make world malaria free. This disease is taking several of lives annually. In the latest report, in 2016 there were 216 million cases of malaria which were more than 211 million cases in 2015. Malaria is found to be a major killer of children under 5. It was found that more than 70% of the deaths occur in this age group. Children, pregnant women and people with weak immunity are at much prone to malaria.
How is malaria caused?
Malaria is caused by Plasmodium parasites which spread to people through the bite of an infected female Anopheles mosquito. Once the person gets infected with a bite of a mosquito, the parasites begin to multiply in the liver of that person. With the progress of the infection, red blood cells tend to decrease.
Signs and symptoms
Symptoms usually begin to appear after 8-10 days following infection. The symptoms of malaria are similar to that of flu.
Some of the common signs and symptoms are:
- Vomiting Fever
- Joint pain
- Hemolytic anemia
Breeding sites around your home
There are many factors which cause malaria including genetic and environmental factors. The mosquitoes causing malaria generally breeds in unhygienic conditions and in stagnant water. Some of the common breeding sites for mosquito are:
- Stagnant water
- Recycling bins and garbage cans
- Clogged drains and gutters
- Potted plants
- Water tanks
- Swimming pools
- Pots and plants
- Air cooler
Elimination and prevention:
The increasing need of time is to prevent the risk of malaria and to eliminate the already prevailing disease completely. Malaria is totally preventable and treatable disease. The primary objective is to reduce the transmission of the infection by killing the parasites. Awareness among the people can reduce half of the job.
Here are some of the tips to prevent the breeding of mosquitoes causing malaria:
- Eliminate the stagnant water by cleaning the coolers weekly and removing the water.
- Clean the pan of potted plants regularly especially of indoor plants. This can be really dangerous. Do not over water the potted plants and regularly change the water of these plants.
- Cover the water tanks with lids and change the water every 15 days.
- Cover the dustbins with lid and wash them frequently to avoid the risk of breeding of mosquitoes.
- Plant some mosquito repellant herbs such as basil, rosemary, peppermint etc.
Some natural remedies can also help to prevent the risk of malaria such as:
- Neem oil: One of the best medicinal plants is Neem which can be used as a mosquito repellant. Spread the Neem oil through infuser in your house to avoid the attack of mosquitoes or it can be used over body also by mixing with coconut oil.
- Lavender oil: The smell of lavender oil is very strong which mosquitoes can’t bear. It can be sprayed all over the house or over the exposed body parts also.
- Garlic: The garlic is having larvicidal properties which help to keep the mosquitoes away. The juice can be extracted and can be sprayed in the room. The strong smell of garlic repels mosquitoes.
- Basil: Planting basil in your house will help to reduce the breeding of mosquitoes as it kills mosquito larvae. This is very common plant found in Indian
- Sleep under a mosquito net.
- Wear full sleeves cloth between sunset and sunrise.
- Use insecticides and insect repellants.
Today on this World Malaria Day, let’s unite together and take a pledge to eliminate this disease and make world malaria free. Antimalarial medication and self-help techniques can play an important role in this scenario. So get ready to beat malaria this year to keep yourself and your society healthy and safe.Leave a reply →