• 31 JUL 18
    • 0
    TREATING INFERTILITY

    TREATING INFERTILITY

    IVF (IN VITRO FERTILIZATION)

    With the help of egg donation and IVF, those women who have crossed their reproductive years, have infertile male partners or seem to be experiencing female-fertility issues can still have a chance at becoming pregnant.

    In many infertility-related couple cases, there are two options. In vitro fertilization is the practice in which an artificial environment is required for the egg to be fertilized. This is a very rare practice and success really depends on the kind of facilities received by the people. However, many women that initially fail at conceiving opt for in vitro fertilization, even if it means that the fertilized egg might be implanted in the surrogate mother’s womb. The child is genetically related to the parents, either way. However technically, the definition of IVF is:

    ‘IVF is a method of helping a woman to have a baby in which an egg is removed from one of her ovaries, fertilized outside her body, and then replaced in her womb.’ (https://www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/english/ivf)

    SURROGACY

    In many cases, ‘gestational surrogacy’ is a valid option for the mothers and fathers who can afford it. It involves IVF treatment but if the women partner does not have a chance at getting pregnant whatsoever, the conditions inside her womb would kill the offspring. As a consequence, a surrogate mother comes into the picture. The child might or might not be genetically related to the parents where surrogacy is involved. So if the mother opts for gestational surrogacy, it doesn’t necessarily mean that the egg would be hers too. It might come from a donor and the fertilized egg might be implanted in the surrogate mother’s womb, later.

    ‘Traditional surrogacy’ is common if the egg is fertilized through natural or artificial insemination (also known as partial surrogacy). The chances in which either would happen depending on the couple, depending on what they choose. In the latter, the child is genetically related to the intended father and genetically related to the surrogate mother. But it’s really the couple’s choice, depending on how they want to proceed – that is, full surrogacy/IVF/partial surrogacy and the various types of gestational surrogacy. Infertility is not a very small problem anymore. It affects millions of people, thanks to it becoming an urban trend.

     RISKS

    The cost of treatment is very high in both cases. But in terms of health, women who undergo IVF treatment only might experience stress and ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome due to swollen ovaries when the egg is placed in their womb. In surrogacy, the surrogate mother would obviously feel the discomfort. The risk of multiple births is also high in both cases. Lastly, the genes of the donor would affect the development of the child, so he/she must be chosen with utmost care in gestational surrogacy and partial surrogacy.

    It was noted that the chances of pregnancy are higher with surrogacy than IVF treatment.

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