Cure for TB
The Government of India dispenses the WHO-recommended Directly Observed Treatment, Short Course (DOTS) treatment by way of the Revised National TB Control programme. This treatment is given free of cost to patients and has five main features:
? Patients that display the symptoms of TB are given the sputum smear microscopic test, also free of any charge.
? Patients are administered the medication in the presence of the medical personnel who make sure the patient takes it.
? Patients must register for the course and the medical personnel keep a record of the dosage administered. In this way, they can ensure that the patient completes the entire course of treatment. They can also assess and record the patients progress.
? The Government ensures that the clinics and medical facilities receive a regular and constant supply of the medication.
? There is a marked political support for the anti-TB programme.
Patients with latent TB can take only one form of the drug, but those with active TB need to take medicines like:
? Rifampin (Rifadin, Rimactane)
? Ethambutol (Myambutol)
Sometimes, these medicines can cause side effects because they have an adverse effect on the liver. In case the patient experiences any of these effects, it is advisable to contact the doctor right away.
? Dark coloured urine
? Nausea and/or vomiting
? Lack of appetite
? The skin takes on a yellowish appearance
? Fever that lasts for more than 3 days, but without any cause
Precautions TB Patients Must Take
Even after beginning treatment, patients can remain contagious for 2 to 3 weeks. During this duration, they must take certain precautions to protect their family members and friends from getting the infection. This they can do by:
? Staying away from public places such as school, college, shopping areas or the workplace.
? Sleeping in a separate room and keeping it well ventilated with a fan depending on weather conditions.
? Covering the mouth and nose with a tissue when speaking, coughing, or sneezing. Later, the tissue must be sealed in an airtight bag and disposed off safely.
? Wearing a surgical mask when in the presence of family and friends can lower the risk of passing the infection on to others.
? Enlisting the support of family and friends in managing the treatment.
Importance of Completing Treatment
It is very essential that patients complete the entire programme that can last from six to nine months. If the treatment is stopped too soon, the remaining bacteria in the body mutate and become resistant to the medication. This can make the infection more serious and all the more difficult to cure.
Please note that this article is only intended to give you rudimentary details on Tuberculosis. Please consult a certified medical practitioner for more accurate information.