CITINERVE 500MG has the following salts in its composition
Uses Of CITINERVE 500MG
Citicoline, a brain chemical, occurs naturally in the body. As a medicine, Citicoline is used for:
- Alzheimer's disease
- Age-related memory loss
- Parkinson's disease
- Head trauma
- Cerebrovascular disease like stroke
- Attention deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD)
Side Effects Of CITINERVE 500MG
Side Effects Of Salt: Citicoline
Citicoline is usually safe and most of the patients don’t experience any side-effects. However, some people can experience side effects like:
- Trouble sleeping (insomnia)
- Blurred vision
- Low or high blood pressure
- Chest pains
Contraindications Of CITINERVE 500MG
Contraindications Of Salt: Citicoline
- Hypersensitivity to Citicoline
- Category D pregnancy
An attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, which is also known as ADHD, generally attacks children, teenagers and can even be found in adults. People affected by ADHD usually act without perception and show traits of hyperactivity. Furthermore, people suffering from this mental disorder have trouble focusing.
Dementia is a neurological term that covers a spectrum of symptoms. It encompasses a progressive decline in cognitive, emotional as well as social functioning that occurs at a rate more progressive than would be expected due to normal ageing. The death of cells in the cerebral cortex, responsible for memory, calculation and behaviour/personality is the underlying pathophysiology.
The new term for dementia as defined by the DSM-V Manual (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders) is "Major Neurocognitive Disorder." The reason for the change in terminology is to lessen the stigma related to the disease.
There are different types of dementias, based on their underlying pathology and clinical presentation. Dementias can either be reversible in 1-2% of cases, non-progressive, or progressive ( a majority of cases).
Alzheimer's and Vascular Dementia (progressive dementias) are the commonest types of dementia. Alzheimers Dementia (AD) occurs in between fifty to seventy percent of cases, and Vascular Dementia (VD) in about twenty percent of cases.
To date, there are no specific cures for dementia. Disease progression can be retarded by certain lifestyle factors such as diet, mental activities, social participation, and exercise.
Glaucoma is an eye disease, which causes the fluid pressure in the eye to increase. If not detected and treated, this condition can lead to loss of vision and even blindness.
The front of the eye contains a small space known as the anterior chamber. A clear liquid known as aqueous humor, flows throughout the anterior chamber through a mesh channel, nourishing the tissues. If you have glaucoma, the channel gets blocked and the fluid builds up causing an increase in the pressure inside the eye. If the increased pressure, also known as intraocular pressure, is not brought down and controlled, the optic nerve that transmits the images to your brain, as well as, the other parts of the eye will get damaged. This condition worsens over time, leading to the loss of vision and if not treated, it can lead to permanent blindness within a few years.
Most often, glaucoma is not detected in the early stages and a person is unaware that they have the disease, which is why glaucoma is often referred to as “sneak thief of sight.” Typically, both eyes are affected by glaucoma; however, sometimes one eye can be affected more severely than the other. Usually, people over the age of 60 years are affected by glaucoma. However, if detected early, blindness can be prevented.
There are essentially two main types of glaucoma which occur commonly:
- Open-angle glaucoma: Also known as wide-angle glaucoma, this is the most common kind of glaucoma where the drain structure appears to be normal, but the fluid flow is not normal.
- Angle-closure glaucoma: This is also known as chronic or acute angle-closure or narrow-angle glaucoma, where the angle between the iris and cornea is too narrow and does not allow the eye to drain properly. This condition is more common in Asian countries. This is also linked to eye problems like cataract and farsightedness.
The other kinds of glaucoma are:
- Low-tension glaucoma: This is a rare form of glaucoma and although the eye seems to be normal, the optic nerve gets damaged. This type of glaucoma may be caused due to reduced blood flow to the optic nerve.
- Pigmentary glaucoma: This is a kind of open-angle glaucoma and occurs usually in the early or middle adulthood. In this case, the pigment cells from the iris get dispersed inside the eye and if these cells accumulate in the channels that drain the eye fluid, the normal flow gets interrupted causing the pressure in the eye to build up.
Paranoid Personality Disorder (PPD) is regarded as a group of conditions known as personality disorders of type “Cluster A.” It is associated with an eccentric or odd way of thinking. Individuals suffering from PPD also experience other symptoms like paranoia (constantly mistrust and doubt others, sometimes without any valid reason). The particular disease generally begins from early adulthood, and it is mostly seen in men than women.
People who are suffering from PPD are very suspicious of others and always believe that other people are trying to harm those (PPD patients). Other factors associated with PPD are bearing grudges, making threatening or some other meaning of any innocent comment, etc. An individual with PPD can be associated with quick anger or hostile to others.
Symptoms Treated With CITINERVE 500MG
ADHD or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder has some common symptoms such as:
- Lack of attention
- Trouble While Speaking
- Getting distracted by any small noise
- More reaction time
What Are The Symptoms Of Dementia
Dementia is diagnosed in the presence of a significant decline in the level of cognitive functioning from previous functioning status. One or more areas of cognition may be affected. These include:
- Executive functioning
- Learning and memory
- Intricate attention
- Social interactions and interpersonal relationships
- Perceptual-motor skills
The symptoms must be severe enough to affect activities of daily living, and should not be caused by delirium (acute state of confusion due to underlying correctable causes in contrast to dementia’s chronic onset).
What Are The Symptoms Of Glaucoma
Most people do not suffer from any symptoms. The first sign of glaucoma is, however, the loss of peripheral or side vision. However, some of these symptoms can indicate that you are suffering from glaucoma and if you notice any of the symptoms, it is a good idea to see your eye doctor immediately.
- Vision loss
- Seeing halos around lights
- Redness in the eye
- Blurred vision
- Hazy eyes, especially in the case of infants
- Severe pain in the eye
- Eye pain accompanied by nausea or vomiting
- Narrowed or tunnel vision
- Sudden vision problems, especially in low light conditions
Most of the time, the individuals with the Paranoid Personality Disorder (PPD) don’t want to believe about their abnormal behaviour. They think that their behaviour or doubt is completely normal. But, the people around them can feel irritated by continuously facing the same behaviour from those persons (PPD patients). The PPD patients can behave in a stubborn or hostile manner. Sometimes, the PPD patients can be associated with anxiety or depression that can affect their overall mood. Several mood swings can make these patients feel isolated and paranoid.
Some other symptoms associated with PPD may be as follows:
- A person can believe that other people have hidden motives and so they can harm his/her.
- A PPD patient can doubt the loyalty of others.
- The person may be hypersensitive even to some innocent criticisms.
- The person can face trouble working with others.
- He/she may become angry and hostile quickly.
- He/she can become socially isolated or detached.
- The person may be defensive and argumentative.
- He/she can experience trouble by seeing his/her own problems.
- He/she may experience trouble in relaxing.
People who are suffering from PPD always doubt other’s commitment, trustworthiness, and loyalty, they generally distant and cold in their relationships, sometimes they are jealous and controlling, and always believe that they are right.
Certain symptoms of PPD may be associated with some other disorders also such as Schizophrenia and Borderline Personality Disorder.
Causes of diseases where CITINERVE 500MG is used
ADHD has been known to occur due to genetic problems. If a child is affected by ADHD then it is possible that the father or grandfather of the child is affected by the disorder as well.
Exposure to Toxins:
Mothers who smoke or drink alcohol and other toxic substances during pregnancy can affect the development of their unborn child as well. Such substances have been found to develop hyperactivity in children from an early age.
Brain injuries can lead to poor functioning of the motor activity in people.
What Are The Causes Of Dementia
Potentially reversible causes of dementia include medications or alcohol. Dementia due to medical conditions such as hypothyroidism, hydrocephalus, Vitamin B 12 deficiency, neurosyphilis and major depressive disorder may be potentially reversible when the underlying condition is properly treated. Immunological causes of dementia such as Sjögren’s syndrome, SLE, and multiple sclerosis may also be reversible.
Non-progressive dementia is due to conditions such as:
- Head injury (traumatic brain injury)
- Brain tumours
- Meningitis/ Encephalitis
- Drug Abuse
Alzheimer's is caused by degeneration of the cerebral cortex and deposits of protein in the neural tissue. To date, no specific cause or preventable factors could be found for Alzheimer's. Old age and family history are the two biggest factors. Twenty percent of people with Alzheimer are over the age of eighty years. Family history is another important factor, although no particular gene could yet be identified.
Vascular dementia is caused by a series of small strokes in the brain. Narrowing of blood vessels or blood clots causes decreased blood flow to areas of the brain. The lack of blood flow is called ischaemia. Atherosclerosis is the biggest cause of cerebral ischaemia. Hypertension, diabetes, hypercholesterolemia all predispose to atherosclerosis formation. Treating these conditions may prevent the progression of vascular dementia, but cannot reverse the loss of function already present. Multiple areas of infarction may be seen on MRI scans.
Frontotemporal dementia, Lewy body dementia, and Creutzfeld-Jacob disease are other causes of progressive dementia.
What Are The Causes Of Glaucoma
- Old age
- Inherited (passed on from parent to child)
- Family history of glaucoma
- Medical conditions like diabetes or heart disease
- Chemical or blunt eye injury
- Eye surgery
- Severe infection of the eye
- Blocked blood vessels in the eye
- Myopia (near sightedness)
- Eye tumour
- Advanced cataract
- Long term corticosteroid usage, especially eye drops containing corticosteroids.
- Ethnic background: African Americans, East Asians and Hispanic populations are usually at a higher risk of developing glaucoma, compared to Caucasians.
The actual cause of PPD is not known. But, it may be involved with a combination of psychological and biological factors. Some common factors that may be responsible for PPD are as follows:
- The individuals who have close relatives with schizophrenia may suffer from PPD in future as there may be a genetic link between these two disorders.
- It may be further stated that the early childhood experiences such as some emotional or physical trauma can play a pivotal role in developing of PPD.
- If a child has gone through a bitter childhood or threatening atmosphere, then the risk factor of developing PPD is very high to him/her.
- People who are deprived of their parental affection and influence in their lives can be associated with this kind of mental insecurities and constant doubt.
Worst Foods With CITINERVE 500MG
- ADHD patients being hyperactive are prone to act with uncontrollable mood swings on consumption of certain foods.
- Sugary foods: Too much sugar can lead to higher sugar levels in the body that increase hyperactivity and mood swings in the patients. So, it is prudent to avoid sugary foods like candies, sweets, energy drinks, etc.
- Make them avoid eating anything that is too colourful to look at as well. These include fruit-flavoured cereals, gelatine powder, hard candy, cake mixes, etc.
What Are The Worst Foods For Dementia
- Saturated fatty acids
- Grilled and fried foods. These foods are high in advanced glycation end (AGE) products, shown to increase dementia risk
- Processed foods, refined grains, and sugars. These foods have shown to have an adverse effect on insulin levels, specifically causing fluctuating blood glucose levels, that can damage blood vessels in the brain
- Red meat increases iron loading. Too much iron can deposit in the cerebral cortex leading to cognitive decline is. Red meat should not be completely avoided, just used in moderation. Grass fed beef is the best source.
- Excessive alcohol intake.
What Are The Worst Foods For Glaucoma
- Reduce or completely avoid salt if you are suffering from hypertensive glaucoma.
- Avoid high-calorie diets and fatty foods to prevent the increase in body fat. Avoid foods that are high in saturated and trans fats such as fatty foods, beef, and red meats. Avoid hydrogenated fats, shortening, margarine, etc., as these foods can increase your blood pressure.
- Avoid foods that increase your insulin level and make the glaucoma condition worse. Stay away from simple carbohydrates and foods like bread, potatoes, pasta, rice, cereal, refined sugars and baked goods.
- Avoid drinking caffeinated beverages and coffee as the caffeine can increase the blood pressure, in turn increasing the intraocular pressure.
Food one should not consume suffering from any kind of mental disorder:
- Sugar: Sugar is strongly associated with depression that can increase the risk factor for developing PPD.
- Artificial sweeteners: Artificial sweeteners may be bad for your overall mental well-being.
- Alcohol: Alcohol may be worked as a depressant agent.
- High-sodium foods: It can disturb your emotional state.
Do's With Usage of CITINERVE 500MG
- Parents or close relatives need to foster ADHD patients by coping up with the behaviour of the person.
- Make sure the ADHD sufferer takes his/her medications as this is the fundamental step towards coping up with the disorder.
- Parents or relatives can also try behavioural management therapy that offers a strict managing strategy to deal with the way ADHD patients act.
- Divide tasks for them so that everything is systematic.
- Organise and simplify the way people with ADHD live.
What Are The Things One Should Do To Manage Dementia
- Exercise has been shown to improve cognitive functioning- a minimum of one and a half hours per week of moderate exercise such as walking is recommended. Exercise reduces the progression of dementia.
- Engaging in regular social activities has shown to decrease cognitive decline.
- Lose weight. Insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome have proved to increase chances of dementia.
- Participation in music and art reduces cognitive decline.
- Mental exercises like learning a new topic, learning an instrument, solving problems and puzzles improve cognition.
What Are The Things One Should Do To Manage Glaucoma
- Take care of your eyes and meet your doctor regularly for check-ups and for the treatment of your condition, until it is under control.
- Glaucoma usually progresses very slowly and often has no symptoms. So, if you have glaucoma, it is important to understand your condition, as it can help you to manage the disease better.
- Make sure that you take your medications exactly as prescribed. Missing doses of the medication may worsen the condition. If you are taking medications for any other medical problem, make sure to inform your eye doctor about it.
- If the glaucoma condition is worsening and you find doing many activities such as driving and playing sports in the evening or night, etc. becoming a challenge, then it may be a good idea to rearrange your schedules and get help from others to help you manage. Letting some other person drive can help you stay safe.
- Adopt a healthy lifestyle by eating healthy and nutritious foods.
- A regular exercise routine and reduction of stress is vital for persons with glaucoma. Meditation and breathing exercises can alleviate stress and help you relax.
Patients who are suffering from PPD generally don’t have the condition to understand their mental illness. But, if you are aware of your mental condition, then you can follow the following steps:
- Try to communicate with society.
- Always try to put a positive attitude.
- Practice yoga and meditation properly.
- Try to deeply analyse the reason for your doubt.
- Keep yourself busy in some creative works.
- Try to listen to everything in an open mind.
Parents and relatives of the PPD patients should take care of the following steps:
- Give them mental support.
- Encourage them in their good actions.
- Try to know their hidden mental pain.
- Spend a quality time with them.
- Encourage them to read different books of the great men.
- Keep in mind that family support is essential for any type of mental illness.
Dont's With Usage Of CITINERVE 500MG
- Do not feel negative. Be patient in your ways to cope up with the person's disorder.
- Do not let the person with ADHD be in charge of the situation. Try calming the situation in a practical way.
- Try not to get distracted by unnecessary things.
- Don’t worry about the small failures.
What Are The Things One Should Avoid To Manage Dementia
- Do not smoke. Smoking may increase your dementia risk by 45 percent.
- Do not leave stress unattended. Learn mindfulness and meditation practices.
- Do not skimp out on sleep. Sleep deprivation has been linked to cognitive decline.
What Are The Things One Should Avoid To Manage Glaucoma
- Avoid any medications, especially eye medications without checking with your doctor first, as some chemicals in the medicines may cause damage to your eyes.
- Avoid watching TV or looking at your computer or mobile screens for a long time.
- If you have any discomfort in your eyes or any symptoms, do not ignore them. Get them checked immediately.
If you are suffering from PPD, and you are aware of it, don’t do the following things:
- Don’t react to every criticism. If you are intelligent enough, then your knowledge will speak up on behalf of you.
- Don’t sit in an isolated environment every time. Share your thoughts and feelings with others.
Parents and relatives should not do the following things:
- Don’t scold or rebuke them for their behaviour.
- Don’t allow them to be alone every time.
- Don’t pressurise them for performing any tasks.
Other Useful Tips With Usage OfCITINERVE 500MG
Don’t get disappointed if your kid is affected by ADHD as it can be controlled. Consult a specialist. At the same time, don’t feel negative about yourself and practice meditation for at least 20 minutes per day.
What Are The Tips For Dementia
Co-enzyme Q10 supplements may reduce oxidative stress and protein deposits in the brain.
Turmeric supplements may be beneficial in lowering cerebral inflammation.
What Are The Tips For Glaucoma
- If you are over 40 years, then get a regular eye check-up once in 1-2 years.
- If you have near or far sightedness, get your eyes checked regularly and wear corrective glasses.
- If you have a family history of glaucoma or other health problems such as diabetes or other eye problems, then you must go to your doctor for an eye check-up more often.
- Exercise regularly, but be careful about the exercises you do, as some exercises can cause the intraocular pressure to increase.
- Don’t drink large amounts of liquid at a time as this may increase eye pressure. Drink small amounts spaced throughout the day.
- When you sleep, make sure that your head is elevated.
- If you have glaucoma, then talk to your family members or friends or join a support group. This can help you handle your health condition better.
Try to surround yourself with people associated with positive thinking and learn how to handle stress.