DECICORT 4 MG INJECTION has the following salts in its composition
Uses Of DECICORT 4 MG INJECTION
Dexamethasone, a corticosteroid, is used in the treatment of following conditions:
- Rheumatic problems (auto immune diseases)
- Severe allergies, many skin diseases, brain swelling
- Tuberculosis (In combination of antibiotics)
- Asthma, Croup (upper airway infection)
- Adrenal insufficiency (adrenal gland does not produce sufficient amount of steroid hormones).
- Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (low levels of platelets)
- Diabetic macular oedema (accumulation of fluid in macula of retina of eye)
- Central retinal vein occlusion
- Acute endophthalmitis (inflammation of intraocular cavities of eye) along with antibiotics inflammation
- Ankylosing spondylitis ( inflammatory arthritis of spine and joints)
Side Effects Of DECICORT 4 MG INJECTION
The most common side effects of Dexamethasone are:
- Nausea / vomiting / dizziness
- Increased appetite, weight gain
- Insomnia, Depression
- Increased risk of infection
- Confusion, Irritability
Sometimes severe (but rare) side effects are
- High blood glucose, Low potassium levels
- Unusual tiredness
- Unusual digestion upset
- Blood in stools / black stools
- Congestive heart failure
Please consult a physician if the symptoms are persistent.
Contraindications Of DECICORT 4 MG INJECTION
Contraindications Of Salt: Dexamethasone
Please inform your doctor if you have any of the following conditions:
- Hyper sensitivity towards the drug Dexamethasone or any other allergies
- Diabetes, Psychoses
- Peptic ulcers, Hypertension
- Infectious diseases (Herpes simplex, keratitis)
- Untreated tuberculosis
- High cholesterol
- In efficiency of hypothalamus and pituitary gland
- Wide angle glaucoma
An allergy is an autoimmune response called a hypersensitivity reaction. This means that the body's immune system is acting in a way that is detrimental or has consequences that that affects the body- The body's immune system "overreacts" to a particular trigger, and thus your immune system is called "hypersensitive."
The severity of this overreaction of the immune system differs from person to person. Some people may have a mild reaction (sometimes only referred to as a sensitivity and not an allergy), while others may have severe anaphylactic reactions that can be life-threatening.
Eczema, food allergies, allergic rhinitis, medication allergies and anaphylactic reactions can all be grouped under the term "allergy." No specific causes of allergies have been found although genetics play the biggest role in predisposing to allergies.
People who suffer from allergies have different triggers that cause an allergic reaction. The first time someone is exposed to a trigger, the body's immune system forms antibodies against the particular allergen. This is called sensitization.
When the immune system encounters the allergic trigger for the second time, the antibodies will react to the trigger and cause an allergic response. Sometimes the allergic response can worsen with every exposure, for example, seen in patients with bee-sting allergies. The first bee sting might not be severe, but the third or fourth reaction could be life-threatening. Most of the time, the allergic response stays the same in severity.
Often people who suffer from allergies had what we call an atopic triad in childhood- this triad of allergies include atopic dermatitis (eczema), food allergies and asthma.
- Asthma is a chronic inflammatory condition of the airways in the lungs. Asthma can either be allergic (most common) or non-allergic.
- Allergic asthma is due to an allergic response known as a type 1 hypersensitivity reaction. People with asthma’s airways are hypersensitive to certain triggers. The allergic reaction causes narrowing of the small airways and leads to "air trapping" (known as an obstructive airway disease)
- There are different types of asthma- childhood onset asthma (usually before the age of 5), adult-onset asthma, exercise-induced asthma and aspirin induced asthma. Some asthma is known as seasonal asthma and occurs only at certain times of the year, usually with the changing of seasons such as during autumn or spring.
- Asthma is diagnosed with lung function tests. A spirometer or a PEFM (Peak Expiratory Flow Meter) is used in conjunction with a bronchodilator. The meter is used to assess your lung function before and after inhaling a fast-acting bronchodilator. A diagnosis of asthma is made when there is an improvement in lung function of more than 20% (PEFM) or more than 12%(when using a spirometer) after the bronchodilator is inhaled.
- Asthma is diagnosed when a patient has suggestive symptoms and a positive bronchodilator test.
Our immune system comprises a complex network of cells, tissues, and organs, which together work to fight against germs and keeps the body safe from their attacks. The immune system keeps the pathogens out or finds and destroys them.
When your immune system cannot do all this and cannot protect the body, it means that you are suffering from an immune disorder. Immune system disorders cause the immune system to be either overactive or underactive. Immune disorders include:
Asthma and allergy: These are immune responses to some substances which are not very dangerous.
Immune deficiency diseases: These are disorders where one or more parts of the immune system are missing. These decrease the ability of your body to fight pathogens and make the body susceptible to infections.
Autoimmune diseases: Here the immune system is overactive and the body attacks and damages its own cells and tissues. The immune system produces antibodies in response to some unknown trigger and instead of fighting the infection, the antibodies start attacking the tissues of your body. Some examples of autoimmune diseases are:
- Rheumatoid Arthritis: The joints are attacked by the immune system causing swelling, inflammation, and pain in the joints.
- Systemic lupus erythematosus (lupus): Affects the lungs, blood cells, joints, nerves, and kidneys usually.
- Inflammatory bowel disease or IBD: The lining of the intestines is attacked by the immune system. The 2 major forms of IBD are:
- Multiple sclerosis or MS: The nerve cells of the body are attacked by the immune system causing weakness, pain, poor coordination, blindness and muscle spasms.
- Psoriasis: Immune system causes skin cells to reproduce very fast producing scaly, silver-colored plaques on the skin.
- Type-I diabetes mellitus: The antibodies produced by the immune system attack and destroy the cell that produces insulin in the pancreas.
- Hashimoto’s thyroiditis: Immune system produces antibodies that attack the thyroid gland.
- Guillain-Barre syndrome: The nerves controlling the muscles, arms and upper body are attacked by the immune system.
- Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP): The immune system attacks the nerves.
- Myasthenia gravis: The antibodies produced by the body bind themselves to the nerves and affect the working of the muscles.
- Graves’ disease: The antibodies produced by the immune system stimulate the thyroid gland to produce excess thyroid hormone.
- Vasculitis: Immune system attacks and destroys the blood vessels.
Symptoms Treated With DECICORT 4 MG INJECTION
What Are The Symptoms Of Allergy
The symptoms of allergies are because of a release of a substance called histamines from the immune system.
The symptoms of allergies depend on the type of allergy:
Acute anaphylaxis may be potentially life-threatening. This may present with a red skin rash, swelling of the airways, shortness of breath, low blood pressure, cardiovascular collapse and will lead to death if not treated.
A red itchy skin rash (wheal and flare reaction) is common in food allergies, chemical allergies (e.g. latex allergy), medication allergies and allergic reactions to insect bites.
Food allergies may present with a skin rash, itchy or swollen airways or gastrointestinal upsets.
Allergic rhinitis presents with a runny nose, teary eyes, sneezing and nasal congestion. Allergic rhinitis is one of the medical conditions that have the worst impact on quality of life.
Eczema usually presents in childhood with a dry, itchy rash, usually affecting the skin over joint surfaces.
What Are The Symptoms Of Asthma
- Symptoms of asthma are typically a wheezy or "tight" chest, shortness of breath and recurrent or persistent coughing that is worse at night and early mornings. Coughing or tight chest are often also present after exercise.
- Exercise-induced asthma typically only produces symptoms after exercise.
The symptoms of immune system disorders are:
- Increased frequency of infections, which occur more frequently, are longer lasting and are more difficult to treat than with a person having a normal immune system.
- Getting infections that a person with a healthy immune system would not get (opportunistic infections).
Some common symptoms of primary immune system disorders are:
- Frequent and repeated sinus infection, ear infections, bronchitis, pneumonia, skin infections and meningitis.
- Loss of weight.
- Digestive issues like loss of appetite, cramping, diarrhea, nausea, etc.
- Infection and inflammation of the internal organs.
- Blood disorders like anemia and low platelet count.
- Delayed development and growth.
- An autoimmune disorder like rheumatoid arthritis, type-I diabetes, lupus, etc.
- Mouth sores and chronic gum disease,
- Bacterial infections leading to pus-filled sores.
- Large warts (caused by viruses).
- Fevers and chills.
- Abdominal pain due to enlargement of spleen or liver.
Causes of diseases where DECICORT 4 MG INJECTION is used
What Are The Causes Of Allergy
Genetics is the biggest link to allergies.
There has recently been much discussion about the increasing prevalence of allergies seen in the developed world. This increase is thought to be attributed to a decreased exposure to allergens and toxins in childhood, because of "over-hygienic" parenting. This is referred to in the media is the "hygiene hypothesis."
Children who are exposed to more bacteria and allergens in childhood have shown to have lower incidences of allergies.
Triggers for allergies are numerous. The common triggers are:
- House dust mites and dust
- Pollen and grass
- Animal dander
- Nuts- especially peanuts
- Milk and soy
- Shellfish and iodine-containing foods
- Medications such as penicillin, sulphonamide
- Chemicals such as latex
- Insect toxins such as bee-stings
What Are The Causes Of Asthma
- Mostly asthma starts in childhood and is often outgrown in early adulthood. Some asthmatics may, however, need treatment lifelong.
- Asthma has a strong genetic component and is part of the so-called "atopic triad" in childhood which includes allergic rhinitis, atopic dermatitis (eczema) and asthma.
- Early insult to a child's lungs such as neonatal pneumonia or bronchitis may play a role in developing asthma later.
- People with asthma have individual triggers. These triggers are commonly sensitivities to house-dust mites, grass, pollen, animal dander, dairy, wheat, nuts and soy products. Chest infections, cold air or air pollution can also trigger an attack.
- Adult onset starts in the early twenties. There is speculation about possible causes; genetics, smoking and a history of allergies seem to play the biggest part. It affects females more than males.
- Asthma can be caused/ triggered due to any of the following reasons:
1. Airborne substances like pollen, dust mites, pet dander or particles of cockroach waste.
2. Respiratory infections such as common cold
3. Exercise-induced asthma
4. Cold air
5. Air pollutants like smoke
6. Certain medications including beta blockers, aspirin, ibuprofen and naproxen
7. Strong emotions, stress
8. Foods which contain Sulphites and preservatives
9. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
Asthma is a combination of environmental and genetic factors, as many people live in same conditions. Still, some people get asthma and some don’t.
Several of the primary immune system disorders are inherited problems in the DNA. Immune system disorders can be classified into 6 main groups based on the part of the immune system that has been affected:
- T-cell deficiencies
- B-cell or antibody deficiencies
- Combination of T- and B-cell deficiencies
- Complement deficiencies
- Defective phagocytes
- Unknown (idiopathic)
There are 2 types of immune system disorders:
Primary immunodeficiency disorders, which are mainly caused due to mutations in a particular gene and primary immune disorders are classified according to the part of the immune system that is involved.
Secondary immune disorders are those that result from:
- Any prolonged or serious disease like cancer or diabetes.
- Radiation therapy or chemotherapy.
- People who are hospitalized or older people.
- People who take immunosuppressants for some autoimmune disorder.
Worst Foods With DECICORT 4 MG INJECTION
What Are The Worst Foods For Allergy
- If you are allergic to any food substance, avoidance of that particular food is prudent.
- Spicy foods induce a histaminic response. It may worsen your allergy in some cases. Use with discretion.
- Raw fruits and vegetables may sometimes aggravate allergies because of pesticides and pollen. Cooking your vegetables can lower the allergic response related to this.
What Are The Worst Foods For Asthma
- Foods with preservatives added to them
- Wine, beer
- Eggs (for children, as some children are allergic to eggs)
- Excessive salt in food
- Oily, fatty foods
- Avoid refined sugar and sugary foods and beverages as sugar weakens your immune system and leaves it vulnerable to various diseases. Avoid sugary foods and drinks likes cakes, pastries, ice creams, cola, energy drinks, candy, jellies, etc.
- Avoid processed and junk food like French fries, chips, burgers, hamburgers, low-fat and gluten-free packaged foods, etc. as these are loaded with sugar, preservatives, and additives and are the main contributors to autoimmune diseases.
- Avoid foods like eggs, corn, soy, dairy, legumes, grains and particularly foods that contain gluten, as it triggers the release of zonulin, a chemical that is highly inflammatory and causes immune system disorders.
- Avoid foods that belong to the nightshade family such as tomatoes, peppers, eggplant and goji berries, as these increase inflammation and worsen the condition of immune system disorders such as joint pain.
- Avoid foods like soy, wheat, and milk, as these foods have been associated with worsening type-I diabetes. Instead choose pasture-raised, organic meats like lamb and turkey, Alaskan salmon, etc.
Do's With Usage of DECICORT 4 MG INJECTION
What Are The Things One Should Do To Manage Allergy
- Screen yourself for your particular allergen triggers through skin prick or blood tests.
- Trigger avoidance is the biggest component of allergy treatment.
- If you suffer from severe allergic reactions, always carry your adrenaline pen with you.
- It would be wise to keep your chronic medications on you, in the case of an acute allergic episode.
- Wear a medical alert bracelet if you have any life-threatening allergies.
What Are The Things One Should Do To Manage Asthma
- Identify your asthma triggers and avoid them.
- Always cover yourself fully (especially chest, feet and ears) before going out in cold weather.
- Avoid exercises beyond your physical stamina. Do not over exert.
- Always wear pollution mask if you are staying in high pollution area.
- If asthma is hampering your day to day activities, pl. consult your doctor as he might change your medication.
- Wash your bed sheets and pillow covers every week in hot water to get rid of dust mites.
- Reduce stress.·
- Consult your general practitioner or paediatrician early if your child shows symptoms of asthma. Asthma can be potentially life-threatening, especially in an acute episode.
- Make sure your asthma is controlled. Follow-up with your doctor six months to review and adjust your treatment is necessary. If your asthma is well controlled, your doctor may consider tapering down your treatment.
- Consider doing an allergy test- blood or skin prick. If you have allergic asthma, it will be helpful to know what the triggers are and how to avoid them
- Following good personal and dental hygiene can help to reduce the risk of getting infections and immune disorders.
- Always wash your hands thoroughly with water and soap after using the bathroom and before preparing food.
- When you sneeze or a cough, do it with your mouth covered with a tissue and sneeze and cough into your elbow rather than your hand.
- Treat all the cuts, wounds, etc by washing and bandaging.
- Practice safe sex and do not share needles, etc. as this can help to prevent the risk of infection.
- Controlling blood sugar levels can help the white blood cells to work better and hence prevent infections.
- Eating a balanced, healthy diet can help to prevent infections, build the immune system and reduce the risk of immune disorders.
- Sleep well as this helps to strengthen the immune system.
- Take vaccinations that can prevent infections.
- Exercise is a great and fun way to build your immune system and fight off colds and other ailments. When you do moderate exercise, the body circulates the cells that help to build the immunity of the body, which kills the viruses and bacteria. So, it is a good idea to follow a regular exercise routine.
- Several infections can be prevented by vaccination. So, keep your family and you vaccinated as per the recommended immunization schedule.
- Foods can be a source of infection. Make sure that you wash all the vegetables, fruits, poultry, meat properly and cook them well before serving.
Dont's With Usage Of DECICORT 4 MG INJECTION
What Are The Things One Should Avoid To Manage Allergy
- Don't leave allergies untreated as they have a significant impact on quality of life.
- Don't smoke. Smoking increases inflammation in the body and can worsen allergic reactions; this is especially true if you suffer from airway allergies such as allergic rhinitis or asthma.
What Are The Things One Should Avoid To Manage Asthma
- Avoid pets.
- Remove carpets and soft toys from the room of your child as these accumulate dust, dust mites which trigger an asthma attack.
- Avoid dampness in the house. Let fresh air come in. Keep all areas of your house dry.
- Do not smoke, avoid being close to people who smoke.
- Avoid burning of incense (Pooja agarbatti) at home, since it triggers an asthma attack.
- Avoid going to kitchen when food is being cooked, especially frying etc.·
- Do not delay seeking treatment when you suspect to have a chest infection. Because your airways are hyper reactive, an infection can easily trigger an acute asthma attack.
- Do not leave your house without your reliever pump or allow your medication to run out. An acute episode can occur at any time and may be fatal.
- Do not smoke if you have asthma or smoke around your child who has asthma. Passive smoking's effects are just as harmful.
What Are The Things One Should Avoid To Manage Immune system disorders
- Avoid eating undercooked or raw food or drinking contaminated water, as this can cause infection and reduce immunity.
- Avoid contact with those who have infections.
Other Useful Tips With Usage OfDECICORT 4 MG INJECTION
What Are The Tips For Allergy
Probiotics are useful in food sensitivities to restore intestinal flora balance. An elimination diet may lower inflammation in the body and help reduce allergies.
What Are The Tips For Asthma
Having a nebuliser at home will be helpful for acute asthmatic episodes.
- Stress can hamper your immune system and weaken it. Stress causes inflammation in the body. When you are stressed, the body produces cortisol, the stress hormone that increases the blood sugar and blood pressure levels, which lead to a weakened immune system. Keep your stress levels in check by using stress-relieving techniques like meditation, yoga, biofeedback, massages and taking up hobbies.
- It is recommended that you should breastfeed your infant when they are developing their immune system. This helps to reduce the risk of autoimmune disorders later in life.
- Avoid taking antibiotics unnecessarily as they kill the healthy bacteria in your gut and increases your risk of exposure to harmful pathogens.