IOTIM B EYE DROP 5 ML has the following salts in its composition
1) Information not available 2) Brimonidine Tartrate
Uses Of IOTIM B EYE DROP 5 ML
Brimonidine Tartrate, an antiglaucoma solution, is used in the treatment of following conditions:
Side Effects Of IOTIM B EYE DROP 5 ML
Many people using Brimonidine Tartratedo not experience any side effects. However, some people may experience the following:
- Eye redness / burning/stinging/itching/discomfort
- Blurred vision
- Feeling like something external particle in eye
- Swollen eyes
- Sensitivity to light
- Headache / nausea / dizziness / drowsiness
- Dry nose(or) mouth
- Unusual/unpleasant taste in the mouth.
Rare but severe side effects such as the following may also be observed:
- Persistent headache
- Vision changes
- Extreme sensitivity to light
Please consult a physician if the symptoms are persistent.
Contraindications Of IOTIM B EYE DROP 5 ML
Please inform your doctor if you have any of the following conditions:
- Hyper sensitivity towards the drug Brimonidine tartrate or any other allergies.
- Blood vessel diseases
- Blood circulation inefficiency
- Any other pre-existing disease
Glaucoma is an ophthalmic term that refers to a variety of conditions cause degeneration of the nerve that supplies visual impulses from the retina to the optic centres in the brain. This nerve is called the optic nerve.
There is two main types of glaucoma namely narrow (closed) and wide (open) angle glaucoma. Wide angle glaucoma is the commonest form of glaucoma and is present in up to ninety percent of cases. Up to 50 million people are affected by wide angle glaucoma worldwide.
The “angel” referred to in these conditions is the angle between the cornea and iris in the eye. The aqueous fluid of the eye drains through this angle. In wide angle glaucoma, the angle is open and not blocked, in contrast to closed angle glaucoma. Wide angle glaucoma causes a progressive decline in vision, often without any symptoms.
The eye has a specific pathway by which the aqueous humour (normal eye fluid) drains and circulates in the eye. Aqueous humour is produced by the ciliary processes around the lens of the eye. The humour is present between the anterior and posterior chambers of the eye, while vitreous humour fills the posterior chamber of the eye.
Aqueous humour is responsible for the intra-ocular pressure (IOP), and to give the eye its typical spherical shape. The humour also contains nutritional and immunological structures to assist the anterior structures of the eye in maintaining healthy functioning.
The ciliary processes continually produce aqueous fluid. Aqueous fluid exits the eye via a trabecular meshwork that is located between the lens and the cornea of the eye. From this meshwork, it enters a canal called Schlimm’s canal, and then enters the body’s bloodstream.
Any small effect on ciliary fluid production or outflow of fluid can have a large impact on the pressure in the eye. The balance of production versus outflow is an important aspect of the cause and treatment of glaucoma.
Diagnosis of glaucoma is made with ophthalmic examinations. Tonometry is used to measure the pressure in the eye. A slit lamp examination will show changes to the optic nerve on the retina, called cupping. Cupping is characteristic of nerve damage due to glaucoma. Gonioscopy is used to assess the angle where aqueous fluid drains between the iris and cornea. Visual field testing is done to determine the areas where vision is affected.
Wide-angle glaucoma will show an open angle between the cornea and iris on gonioscopy.
Symptoms Treated With IOTIM B EYE DROP 5 ML
In contrast to narrow-angle glaucoma, wide-angle glaucoma may be asymptomatic until later stages of the disease, when the visual impairment is already advanced. Symptoms include:
- Gradual decrease in vision over time
- Peripheral vision affected before central vision
- Painless vision loss
- May go unnoticed by the patient until visual loss is quite severe
Causes of diseases where IOTIM B EYE DROP 5 ML is used
The exact mechanism by which open angle glaucoma is caused is still uncertain. Ocular hypertension is thought to be the biggest reason. Ocular hypertension means there is increased pressure in the eye. The increased pressure leads to damage of the optic nerve due to direct pressure effects and possible ischaemia (reduced blood flow to the nerve). Wide angle glaucoma may also occur without the presence of raised ocular pressure, in about fifty percent of cases.
Wide angle glaucoma is caused by a reduced drainage of aqueous humour through the trabecular meshwork. This is thought to be due to damage of the meshwork.
Certain factors may predispose to wide-angle glaucoma. These include systemic hypertension, diabetes and previous trauma to the eye or head. Medications such as systemic corticosteroids and hypertensive medications may also affect the flow of aqueous fluid.
Advanced age (above fifty years), family history (first-degree relative increases the chance by two to four times) and ethnicity (African Americans) are also associated risk factors for wide-angle glaucoma.
Worst Foods With IOTIM B EYE DROP 5 ML
- Caffeine containing foods. Caffeine increases the IOP in the eye.
- Studies have shown that consuming large amounts of fluid such as water at one point in time may increase IOP. It is advisable for to have smaller amounts of fluid, more frequently during the day.
Do's With Usage of IOTIM B EYE DROP 5 ML
What Are The Things One Should Do To Manage Open angle glaucoma
- Have any visual disturbance or visual loss treated promptly. Glaucoma’s damage is progressive and irreversible.
- Exercise. Cardiovascular exercise has shown to decrease IOP by between 1 to 5 mmHg.
- Lose weight. Some studies suggest that a lower BMI may have a lowering effect on IOP.
Dont's With Usage Of IOTIM B EYE DROP 5 ML
What Are The Things One Should Avoid To Manage Open angle glaucoma
Do not smoke. Smoking has been shown to moderately increase IOP and predisposes to atherosclerotic disease of the ophthalmic vessels, which may have an additive effect on vision loss.
Other Useful Tips With Usage OfIOTIM B EYE DROP 5 ML
Recommended 3-5 yearly screening for wide angle glaucoma is suggested in patients who are at risk above the age of forty years.