LACOMA PF EYE DROP 2.5ML has the following salts in its composition
Uses Of LACOMA PF EYE DROP 2.5ML
Latanoprost is used in the form of eye drops, for treating:
Side Effects Of LACOMA PF EYE DROP 2.5ML
Some of the common side-effects of latanoprost are:
- Darkening of the iris
- Redness of the eye, itchiness
- Blurry vision
Contraindications Of LACOMA PF EYE DROP 2.5ML
Contraindications Of Salt: Latanoprost
Please inform your doctor if you have any of the following conditions:
- Currently active swelling in the eye
Ocular hypertension occurs when there is raised intra-ocular pressure (increased pressure in the eye). It is important to diagnose and treat ocular hypertension promptly, as it can progress to irreversible vision loss and glaucoma.
Ocular hypertension occurs when there is a problem with drainage of aqueous fluid from the anterior aspect of the eye. The ciliary bodies that surround the eye’s lens continually produce aqueous fluid. This fluid drains from the eye via a trabecular meshwork, and then enters the body's bloodstream. The balance between production and outflow of aqueous humour is critical in maintaining normal eye pressures. Vitreous humour present in the posterior chamber of the eye has a constant volume and does not have an effect on eye pressure.
Ocular hypertension is caused when there is an abnormality with production or outflow of aqueous fluid. The normal pressure of the eye is between 12 to 21 millimetres of mercury (mmHg). Ocular hypertension is an increase in ocular pressure with no evidence of concurrent visual loss or optic nerve damage.
Ocular hypertension may be present without any symptoms, so regular examination of eye pressures by an optometrist or ophthalmologist is recommended. Tonometry is the investigation performed to assess the eye’s pressure. Two readings above 21mmHg are sufficient to diagnose ocular hypertension.
People who have ocular hypertension are referred to as "suspects of glaucoma." Monitoring and management of pressures are needed to prevent optic nerve damage.
Glaucoma is an ophthalmic term that refers to a variety of conditions cause degeneration of the nerve that supplies visual impulses from the retina to the optic centres in the brain. This nerve is called the optic nerve.
There is two main types of glaucoma namely narrow (closed) and wide (open) angle glaucoma. Wide angle glaucoma is the commonest form of glaucoma and is present in up to ninety percent of cases. Up to 50 million people are affected by wide angle glaucoma worldwide.
The “angel” referred to in these conditions is the angle between the cornea and iris in the eye. The aqueous fluid of the eye drains through this angle. In wide angle glaucoma, the angle is open and not blocked, in contrast to closed angle glaucoma. Wide angle glaucoma causes a progressive decline in vision, often without any symptoms.
The eye has a specific pathway by which the aqueous humour (normal eye fluid) drains and circulates in the eye. Aqueous humour is produced by the ciliary processes around the lens of the eye. The humour is present between the anterior and posterior chambers of the eye, while vitreous humour fills the posterior chamber of the eye.
Aqueous humour is responsible for the intra-ocular pressure (IOP), and to give the eye its typical spherical shape. The humour also contains nutritional and immunological structures to assist the anterior structures of the eye in maintaining healthy functioning.
The ciliary processes continually produce aqueous fluid. Aqueous fluid exits the eye via a trabecular meshwork that is located between the lens and the cornea of the eye. From this meshwork, it enters a canal called Schlimm’s canal, and then enters the body’s bloodstream.
Any small effect on ciliary fluid production or outflow of fluid can have a large impact on the pressure in the eye. The balance of production versus outflow is an important aspect of the cause and treatment of glaucoma.
Diagnosis of glaucoma is made with ophthalmic examinations. Tonometry is used to measure the pressure in the eye. A slit lamp examination will show changes to the optic nerve on the retina, called cupping. Cupping is characteristic of nerve damage due to glaucoma. Gonioscopy is used to assess the angle where aqueous fluid drains between the iris and cornea. Visual field testing is done to determine the areas where vision is affected.
Wide-angle glaucoma will show an open angle between the cornea and iris on gonioscopy.
Symptoms Treated With LACOMA PF EYE DROP 2.5ML
Ocular hypertension is usually asymptomatic until consequences such as ocular nerve injury or vision loss occur. Symptoms that may suggest raised intra-ocular pressure include peripheral vision loss, painful or red eyes.
In contrast to narrow-angle glaucoma, wide-angle glaucoma may be asymptomatic until later stages of the disease, when the visual impairment is already advanced. Symptoms include:
- Gradual decrease in vision over time
- Peripheral vision affected before central vision
- Painless vision loss
- May go unnoticed by the patient until visual loss is quite severe
Causes of diseases where LACOMA PF EYE DROP 2.5ML is used
Ocular hypertension is caused when there is an imbalance between aqueous humour production and outflow. Many associated risk factors predispose to development of raised intraocular pressure. These include:
- Medications that increase intra-ocular pressure. Corticosteroids (systemic and topical) are the biggest culprits.
- Problems with aqueous humour outflow due to angle closure or damage to the trabecular meshwork in the anterior eye chamber.
- Inflammation of structures in the anterior and middle parts of the eye-Iritis or uveitis (infection of the iris or uvea).
- Congenital abnormalities of sight such as axial myopia (primary congenital glaucoma).
- Nearsightedness (myopia)
- The family history of glaucoma or ocular hypertension.
- Old age (increase in frequency seen over 40 years).
- Eye trauma
- Eye surgery may predispose to raised IOP. Cataract surgery is often implicated.
- Ethnicity- increased incidence in African descendants.
- Diabetes may predispose to raised IOP.
The exact mechanism by which open angle glaucoma is caused is still uncertain. Ocular hypertension is thought to be the biggest reason. Ocular hypertension means there is increased pressure in the eye. The increased pressure leads to damage of the optic nerve due to direct pressure effects and possible ischaemia (reduced blood flow to the nerve). Wide angle glaucoma may also occur without the presence of raised ocular pressure, in about fifty percent of cases.
Wide angle glaucoma is caused by a reduced drainage of aqueous humour through the trabecular meshwork. This is thought to be due to damage of the meshwork.
Certain factors may predispose to wide-angle glaucoma. These include systemic hypertension, diabetes and previous trauma to the eye or head. Medications such as systemic corticosteroids and hypertensive medications may also affect the flow of aqueous fluid.
Advanced age (above fifty years), family history (first-degree relative increases the chance by two to four times) and ethnicity (African Americans) are also associated risk factors for wide-angle glaucoma.
Best Foods With LACOMA PF EYE DROP 2.5ML
1. Antioxidants have been shown to reduce IOP and to prevent glaucoma. Foods that contain vitamins C, A and E are indicated:
- Vitamin C rich foods: Grapefruits, strawberries, oranges, papaya
- Vitamin A: Kale, Spinach, butter, eggs, carrots
- Vitamin E: Almonds, kale, butternut, sweet potato
2. Omega 3 containing foods: Salmon, tuna, almonds, shellfish. Omega 3 reduces inflammation and assists nerve health.
3. Lutein and zeaxanthin reduce damage to the optic nerves. They are known as carotenoids that have anti-oxidant properties. They can be found in egg yolks, spinach, kale, broccoli
4. Alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) provides an antioxidant effect. Potatoes, spinach, liver, and yeasts are good sources
5. Grapeseed extract improves eyesight by reducing stress on eyesight.
Antioxidants have shown to have a beneficial effect on vision and glaucoma. These include foods rich in:
- Vitamin C: Oranges, berries, tomatoes, peppers
- Vitamin E: Butter, milk, nuts, avocados
- Vitamin A: Sweet potato, egg yolks, papaya, grapefruit
Lutein in green leafy vegetables such as spinach, kale, broccoli, lettuce, pumpkin
Zinc-rich foods: Seafood, beans, grain cereals, eggs, meat
Worst Foods With LACOMA PF EYE DROP 2.5ML
- Caffeine. Caffeine increases systemic and ocular pressure.
- Avoid consuming large amounts of fluids at one time as this may increase IOP. Smaller, more frequent intake of fluids is indicated.
- Foods high in saturated fatty acids- these cause imbalance in the body’s lipid balance, and lowers omega 3, which has beneficial effects on sight.
- Caffeine containing foods. Caffeine increases the IOP in the eye.
- Studies have shown that consuming large amounts of fluid such as water at one point in time may increase IOP. It is advisable for to have smaller amounts of fluid, more frequently during the day.
Do's With Usage of LACOMA PF EYE DROP 2.5ML
- Cardiovascular exercise has shown to reduce IOP transiently
- Stress reduction methods like meditation and breathing exercises can help lower IOP.
- Relaxation exercises for eyes can be done. These include blinking the eyes every 3-4 seconds, especially when staring at screens like laptops, tablets or television for extended periods. Blinking reduces pressure in the eyes and helps it to relax.
- Strengthen your eye muscles: Draw an imaginary figure eight in the air and follow it with your eyes. Practice focusing on near and far objects e.g. hold your hand in front of your nose and alternately focus on your finger and a distant object.
What Are The Things One Should Do To Manage Open angle glaucoma
- Have any visual disturbance or visual loss treated promptly. Glaucoma’s damage is progressive and irreversible.
- Exercise. Cardiovascular exercise has shown to decrease IOP by between 1 to 5 mmHg.
- Lose weight. Some studies suggest that a lower BMI may have a lowering effect on IOP.
Dont's With Usage Of LACOMA PF EYE DROP 2.5ML
- Yoga has shown to increase IOP transiently. Avoid positions where the head is lower than the heart.
- Playing wind instruments such as clarinet, oboe, and trumpet also has transient increase pressure effects in the eye.
What Are The Things One Should Avoid To Manage Open angle glaucoma
Do not smoke. Smoking has been shown to moderately increase IOP and predisposes to atherosclerotic disease of the ophthalmic vessels, which may have an additive effect on vision loss.
Other Useful Tips With Usage OfLACOMA PF EYE DROP 2.5ML
Recommended 3-5 yearly screening for wide angle glaucoma is suggested in patients who are at risk above the age of forty years.