MANNITOL 20% 100ML (BAXTER) has the following salts in its composition
Uses Of MANNITOL 20% 100ML (BAXTER)
Mannitol is a type of sugar alcohol. It is used as a sweetener and alternative for sugar for diabetes patients and also as medication. It:
- Reduce pressure in eyes (glaucoma), increased intracranial pressure.
- Treats kidney failure with low urine output, fluid build-up
- Increases the elimination of toxins
- Acts as osmotic laxative
- Used in the diagnosis of exercise-induced asthma, cardiopulmonary bypass as circuit prime.
Side Effects Of MANNITOL 20% 100ML (BAXTER)
Side Effects Of Salt: Mannitol
Some common side effects that may be caused by the administration of mannitol are:
- Electrolyte problems
Please consult a physician if the symptoms are persistent.
Contraindications Of MANNITOL 20% 100ML (BAXTER)
Contraindications Of Salt: Mannitol
Please inform your doctor if you have any of the following conditions:
- Hypersensitivity towards the drug mannitol or any other allergies.
- Anuria (non-passage of urine)
- Congestive heart failure
- Asthma is a chronic inflammatory condition of the airways in the lungs. Asthma can either be allergic (most common) or non-allergic.
- Allergic asthma is due to an allergic response known as a type 1 hypersensitivity reaction. People with asthma’s airways are hypersensitive to certain triggers. The allergic reaction causes narrowing of the small airways and leads to "air trapping" (known as an obstructive airway disease)
- There are different types of asthma- childhood onset asthma (usually before the age of 5), adult-onset asthma, exercise-induced asthma and aspirin induced asthma. Some asthma is known as seasonal asthma and occurs only at certain times of the year, usually with the changing of seasons such as during autumn or spring.
- Asthma is diagnosed with lung function tests. A spirometer or a PEFM (Peak Expiratory Flow Meter) is used in conjunction with a bronchodilator. The meter is used to assess your lung function before and after inhaling a fast-acting bronchodilator. A diagnosis of asthma is made when there is an improvement in lung function of more than 20% (PEFM) or more than 12%(when using a spirometer) after the bronchodilator is inhaled.
- Asthma is diagnosed when a patient has suggestive symptoms and a positive bronchodilator test.
Glaucoma is an eye disease, which causes the fluid pressure in the eye to increase. If not detected and treated, this condition can lead to loss of vision and even blindness.
The front of the eye contains a small space known as the anterior chamber. A clear liquid known as aqueous humor, flows throughout the anterior chamber through a mesh channel, nourishing the tissues. If you have glaucoma, the channel gets blocked and the fluid builds up causing an increase in the pressure inside the eye. If the increased pressure, also known as intraocular pressure, is not brought down and controlled, the optic nerve that transmits the images to your brain, as well as, the other parts of the eye will get damaged. This condition worsens over time, leading to the loss of vision and if not treated, it can lead to permanent blindness within a few years.
Most often, glaucoma is not detected in the early stages and a person is unaware that they have the disease, which is why glaucoma is often referred to as “sneak thief of sight.” Typically, both eyes are affected by glaucoma; however, sometimes one eye can be affected more severely than the other. Usually, people over the age of 60 years are affected by glaucoma. However, if detected early, blindness can be prevented.
There are essentially two main types of glaucoma which occur commonly:
- Open-angle glaucoma: Also known as wide-angle glaucoma, this is the most common kind of glaucoma where the drain structure appears to be normal, but the fluid flow is not normal.
- Angle-closure glaucoma: This is also known as chronic or acute angle-closure or narrow-angle glaucoma, where the angle between the iris and cornea is too narrow and does not allow the eye to drain properly. This condition is more common in Asian countries. This is also linked to eye problems like cataract and farsightedness.
The other kinds of glaucoma are:
- Low-tension glaucoma: This is a rare form of glaucoma and although the eye seems to be normal, the optic nerve gets damaged. This type of glaucoma may be caused due to reduced blood flow to the optic nerve.
- Pigmentary glaucoma: This is a kind of open-angle glaucoma and occurs usually in the early or middle adulthood. In this case, the pigment cells from the iris get dispersed inside the eye and if these cells accumulate in the channels that drain the eye fluid, the normal flow gets interrupted causing the pressure in the eye to build up.
The most important function of the kidney is to remove waste and toxins from the body. Kidney failure is a condition in which kidneys lose their ability to balance fluids and remove wastage. When one or both the kidneys fail completely and the loss can’t be reversed, it is called kidney failure.
It can be fully cured if treatment is started well on time.
Symptoms Treated With MANNITOL 20% 100ML (BAXTER)
What Are The Symptoms Of Asthma
- Symptoms of asthma are typically a wheezy or "tight" chest, shortness of breath and recurrent or persistent coughing that is worse at night and early mornings. Coughing or tight chest are often also present after exercise.
- Exercise-induced asthma typically only produces symptoms after exercise.
What Are The Symptoms Of Glaucoma
Most people do not suffer from any symptoms. The first sign of glaucoma is, however, the loss of peripheral or side vision. However, some of these symptoms can indicate that you are suffering from glaucoma and if you notice any of the symptoms, it is a good idea to see your eye doctor immediately.
- Vision loss
- Seeing halos around lights
- Redness in the eye
- Blurred vision
- Hazy eyes, especially in the case of infants
- Severe pain in the eye
- Eye pain accompanied by nausea or vomiting
- Narrowed or tunnel vision
- Sudden vision problems, especially in low light conditions
- Reduced amount of urine
- Swelling of ankles, legs, and feet from fluids retention caused by failure of the kidneys to flush out wastewater
- Excessive drowsiness or fatigue
- Pressure or pain in the chest
- Unexplained shortness of breath
- Persistent nausea
Causes of diseases where MANNITOL 20% 100ML (BAXTER) is used
What Are The Causes Of Asthma
- Mostly asthma starts in childhood and is often outgrown in early adulthood. Some asthmatics may, however, need treatment lifelong.
- Asthma has a strong genetic component and is part of the so-called "atopic triad" in childhood which includes allergic rhinitis, atopic dermatitis (eczema) and asthma.
- Early insult to a child's lungs such as neonatal pneumonia or bronchitis may play a role in developing asthma later.
- People with asthma have individual triggers. These triggers are commonly sensitivities to house-dust mites, grass, pollen, animal dander, dairy, wheat, nuts and soy products. Chest infections, cold air or air pollution can also trigger an attack.
- Adult onset starts in the early twenties. There is speculation about possible causes; genetics, smoking and a history of allergies seem to play the biggest part. It affects females more than males.
- Asthma can be caused/ triggered due to any of the following reasons:
1. Airborne substances like pollen, dust mites, pet dander or particles of cockroach waste.
2. Respiratory infections such as common cold
3. Exercise-induced asthma
4. Cold air
5. Air pollutants like smoke
6. Certain medications including beta blockers, aspirin, ibuprofen and naproxen
7. Strong emotions, stress
8. Foods which contain Sulphites and preservatives
9. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
Asthma is a combination of environmental and genetic factors, as many people live in same conditions. Still, some people get asthma and some don’t.
What Are The Causes Of Glaucoma
- Old age
- Inherited (passed on from parent to child)
- Family history of glaucoma
- Medical conditions like diabetes or heart disease
- Chemical or blunt eye injury
- Eye surgery
- Severe infection of the eye
- Blocked blood vessels in the eye
- Myopia (near sightedness)
- Eye tumour
- Advanced cataract
- Long term corticosteroid usage, especially eye drops containing corticosteroids.
- Ethnic background: African Americans, East Asians and Hispanic populations are usually at a higher risk of developing glaucoma, compared to Caucasians.
- Certain medications
- Toxic exposure to environmental pollutants
- Severe dehydration
- Certain chronic or acute diseases
- Kidney trauma
- Loss of blood supply to kidneys caused by some diseases
- Disturbed urination
- Blood clot around the kidneys
- Alcohol or drugs
- Certain types of cancer, chemotherapy drugs
- Uncontrolled diabetes
- Dyes used in certain imaging tests
Worst Foods With MANNITOL 20% 100ML (BAXTER)
What Are The Worst Foods For Asthma
- Foods with preservatives added to them
- Wine, beer
- Eggs (for children, as some children are allergic to eggs)
- Excessive salt in food
- Oily, fatty foods
What Are The Worst Foods For Glaucoma
- Reduce or completely avoid salt if you are suffering from hypertensive glaucoma.
- Avoid high-calorie diets and fatty foods to prevent the increase in body fat. Avoid foods that are high in saturated and trans fats such as fatty foods, beef, and red meats. Avoid hydrogenated fats, shortening, margarine, etc., as these foods can increase your blood pressure.
- Avoid foods that increase your insulin level and make the glaucoma condition worse. Stay away from simple carbohydrates and foods like bread, potatoes, pasta, rice, cereal, refined sugars and baked goods.
- Avoid drinking caffeinated beverages and coffee as the caffeine can increase the blood pressure, in turn increasing the intraocular pressure.
What Are The Worst Foods For Kidney failure
- Moderate the intake of potassium-rich foods like bananas, dates, dried fruits, figs, grapefruit juice etc. as once the kidneys fail; they may not be able to take out the excess potassium in the body.
- Moderate the intake of protein.
- Reduce salt intake as it leads to water retention in the body.
- Avoid canned foods as the preservatives in them are harmful to the health.
- Avoid fast foods, red meat, processed foods and artificial sweeteners as they tend to do more harm to your kidneys than any good.
Do's With Usage of MANNITOL 20% 100ML (BAXTER)
What Are The Things One Should Do To Manage Asthma
- Identify your asthma triggers and avoid them.
- Always cover yourself fully (especially chest, feet and ears) before going out in cold weather.
- Avoid exercises beyond your physical stamina. Do not over exert.
- Always wear pollution mask if you are staying in high pollution area.
- If asthma is hampering your day to day activities, pl. consult your doctor as he might change your medication.
- Wash your bed sheets and pillow covers every week in hot water to get rid of dust mites.
- Reduce stress.·
- Consult your general practitioner or paediatrician early if your child shows symptoms of asthma. Asthma can be potentially life-threatening, especially in an acute episode.
- Make sure your asthma is controlled. Follow-up with your doctor six months to review and adjust your treatment is necessary. If your asthma is well controlled, your doctor may consider tapering down your treatment.
- Consider doing an allergy test- blood or skin prick. If you have allergic asthma, it will be helpful to know what the triggers are and how to avoid them
What Are The Things One Should Do To Manage Glaucoma
- Take care of your eyes and meet your doctor regularly for check-ups and for the treatment of your condition, until it is under control.
- Glaucoma usually progresses very slowly and often has no symptoms. So, if you have glaucoma, it is important to understand your condition, as it can help you to manage the disease better.
- Make sure that you take your medications exactly as prescribed. Missing doses of the medication may worsen the condition. If you are taking medications for any other medical problem, make sure to inform your eye doctor about it.
- If the glaucoma condition is worsening and you find doing many activities such as driving and playing sports in the evening or night, etc. becoming a challenge, then it may be a good idea to rearrange your schedules and get help from others to help you manage. Letting some other person drive can help you stay safe.
- Adopt a healthy lifestyle by eating healthy and nutritious foods.
- A regular exercise routine and reduction of stress is vital for persons with glaucoma. Meditation and breathing exercises can alleviate stress and help you relax.
What Are The Things One Should Do To Manage Kidney failure
- Control your diabetes, hypertension, heart diseases at an early stage as this is one of the leading causes of kidney failure.
- Go for urine protein test as sometimes protein gets leaked into urine if filters of kidneys are damaged.
- Exercise for at least 30 minutes per day.
- Drink lots of liquids and water.
- If you have a family history of kidney diseases, then going for a regular check-up is a must.
Dont's With Usage Of MANNITOL 20% 100ML (BAXTER)
What Are The Things One Should Avoid To Manage Asthma
- Avoid pets.
- Remove carpets and soft toys from the room of your child as these accumulate dust, dust mites which trigger an asthma attack.
- Avoid dampness in the house. Let fresh air come in. Keep all areas of your house dry.
- Do not smoke, avoid being close to people who smoke.
- Avoid burning of incense (Pooja agarbatti) at home, since it triggers an asthma attack.
- Avoid going to kitchen when food is being cooked, especially frying etc.·
- Do not delay seeking treatment when you suspect to have a chest infection. Because your airways are hyper reactive, an infection can easily trigger an acute asthma attack.
- Do not leave your house without your reliever pump or allow your medication to run out. An acute episode can occur at any time and may be fatal.
- Do not smoke if you have asthma or smoke around your child who has asthma. Passive smoking's effects are just as harmful.
What Are The Things One Should Avoid To Manage Glaucoma
- Avoid any medications, especially eye medications without checking with your doctor first, as some chemicals in the medicines may cause damage to your eyes.
- Avoid watching TV or looking at your computer or mobile screens for a long time.
- If you have any discomfort in your eyes or any symptoms, do not ignore them. Get them checked immediately.
What Are The Things One Should Avoid To Manage Kidney failure
- Avoid alcohol and smoking.
- Avoid obesity.
- Avoid NSAID types of pain-killers.
Other Useful Tips With Usage OfMANNITOL 20% 100ML (BAXTER)
What Are The Tips For Asthma
Having a nebuliser at home will be helpful for acute asthmatic episodes.
What Are The Tips For Glaucoma
- If you are over 40 years, then get a regular eye check-up once in 1-2 years.
- If you have near or far sightedness, get your eyes checked regularly and wear corrective glasses.
- If you have a family history of glaucoma or other health problems such as diabetes or other eye problems, then you must go to your doctor for an eye check-up more often.
- Exercise regularly, but be careful about the exercises you do, as some exercises can cause the intraocular pressure to increase.
- Don’t drink large amounts of liquid at a time as this may increase eye pressure. Drink small amounts spaced throughout the day.
- When you sleep, make sure that your head is elevated.
- If you have glaucoma, then talk to your family members or friends or join a support group. This can help you handle your health condition better.