TEROFIB 5 MG INFUSION has the following salts in its composition
Uses Of TEROFIB 5 MG INFUSION
Tirofiban is used to treat angina, certain type of heart attacks caused by blood clots. Tirofiban act by inhibiting aggregation of platelets thus prevents blood clotting.
Tirofiban is used before certain surgeries to open up the blood vessels in the heart like balloon angioplasty, coronary stent placement, bypass surgery and other heart surgeries.
Moreover, Tirofiban is used with nitrates and beta blockers drugs to prevent heart attack.
Side Effects Of TEROFIB 5 MG INFUSION
Side Effects Of Salt: Tirofiban
Mild bleeding is the most common side effect of Tirofiban. However, severe bleeding needs medical attention immediately. Severe bleeding may occur in following forms.
- Bleeding gums
- Bleeding in the eye
- Blood in the urine
- Black or tarry stools
- Coughing up blood
- Vomiting blood
Other mild side effects of Tirofiban include:
- Dizziness, headache, leg pain
- Nausea, pelvic pain, sweating
- Allergic reactions (hives, rash, tightness in the chest, difficulty in breathing)
Contraindications Of TEROFIB 5 MG INFUSION
Contraindications Of Salt: Tirofiban
Tirofiban is highly contraindicated haemophilia (lack of blood clotting ability in body).
Tirofiban should be prescribed carefully to the people who have:
- Hypersensitivity of Tirofiban
- History of thrombocytopenia (low level of platelets) with Tirofiban
- Internal bleeding (within last 30 days)
- Major surgical procedure or severe physical trauma within the previous month
- Medical conditions like heart valve deformity, severe high blood pressure
- Acute pericarditis(inflammation of the sac surrounding the heart, the pericardium)
A feeling of squeezing or pressure in the chest may be associated with angina. It may be a feeling like a heart attack, however, most of the times; it is considered as a warning sign of the future heart attack.
The chest pain (angina) can happen if the sufficient amount of blood is not flowing into the parts of the heart. It is regarded as a symptom of the heart disease. It can occur if anything blocks the arteries or there is a decreased blood flow in some arteries. Arteries are responsible in order to bring the oxygen-rich blood in the heart.
Angina generally goes away in a short period of time. But, it can be an alarming sign of a life-risking heart problem. It is very important to get checked by a specialist as early as possible in order to avoid a heart attack.
Angina can be of different types as follows:
- Stable angina: It is the most common type of angina. It can be triggered by the physical activities or stress. It can last for a few minutes and goes away when an individual takes rest. Stable angina is not a heart attack, although it can be an alarming sign of developing heart attack in the near future. A Specialist should be consulted without any delay.
- Unstable angina: An individual can experience this type of angina while he/she is not very active or taking rest. The pain, associated with it, can be strong as well as long-lasting. It can frequently come back. It is considered as a signal of developing heart attack very soon. So, a Specialist should be consulted in this regard as soon as possible.
- Prinzmetal's angina (or variant angina): It is a rare type of angina that can happen at night in the time of resting or sleeping. The arteries in the heart can suddenly narrow or tightened. It can be associated with lots of pain and individuals should be given the proper treatment as soon as possible.
Myocardial infarction (MI) is commonly referred to as a heart attack. It is one of the biggest causes of unexpected death and is often discussed in the media. It is possible to treat a heart attack and prevent death if managed at the right time, which is why there is a lot of emphasis on educating the public on symptoms of heart attack.
An MI occurs when there is decreased blood flow to the heart. This usually occurs because of a blockage in one of the blood vessels supplying the heart. If the blood supply is decreased, it causes injury to the heart's muscle (myocardium).
The severity of a heart attack depends on which blood vessels are affected, how extensively the heart's muscle is injured, as well as on which of the heart's chambers are affected. If the ventricles (which contract and pump blood to the rest of the body) are affected, it has worse outcomes.
Death due to a heart attack is caused by cardiac arrest.
The first investigation done in chest pain is an ECG (Electrocardiogram). Leads are placed on the chest, and the electrical conduction of the heart is measured. Distinct patterns are suggestive of possible heart damage.
If heart damage is suspected, it is confirmed by blood tests that measure the heart enzymes in the blood. The blood tests done are called Creatine Kinase (CKMB), Troponin T and I, Myoglobin.
Symptoms Treated With TEROFIB 5 MG INFUSION
Chest pain (angina) that is experienced in the chest region can be associated with the following symptoms:
- Pressure, squeezing
- Tightening, heaviness
- Aching or burning across the chest, it usually starts behind the breastbone.
The particular pain can be spread into the jaw, neck, throat, shoulders, teeth, or back. Sometimes, patients can also complain of the following symptoms:
- Heartburn, indigestion
- Sweating, shortness of breath.
- Weakness, nausea
Stable angina generally lasts for a small period of time. Sometimes, it may feel like indigestion or gas. Unstable angina generally occurs at a resting position. It can be a surprising effect as well as lasts longer and may be complicated over time. Another type of angina is variant angina that generally occurs at a resting posting and can be severe.
A heart attack may present as chest pain (angina).
Symptoms of a heart attack may be atypical or typical. Other diseases may mimic the symptoms of a heart attack. It is important to have undiagnosed chest pain investigated by a doctor.
The typical symptoms of a heart attack are:
- Acute onset, sudden, severe left sided chest pain (pain usually >7/10)
- The pain typically lasts more than 20 minutes
- The nature of the pain is usually compressive (imagine an elephant standing on your chest)
- The pain may spread to the jaw, left or right arm or hand
- You may experience numbness or altered sensation (paraesthesia) in your hands, chest, or jaw.
- Accompanying symptoms include: Nausea and vomiting, dizziness, profuse sweating
- An MI may present with atypical symptoms like abdominal pain, indigestion, and back pain.
Causes of diseases where TEROFIB 5 MG INFUSION is used
Chest pain (angina) usually occurs due to a heart disease. If a fatty substance (plaque) builds up in the arteries, then it can block the normal blood flow to the heart muscles. For this particular situation, the heart is forced in order to work with less oxygen. It results in pain. The arteries can also be associated with the blood clots that can result in heart attacks.
Some of the less common causes of the angina are as follows:
- If a major artery of the lungs (called pulmonary embolism) is associated with a blockage, then the angina can develop.
- If a valve in the central part of the heart (aortic stenosis) gets narrowed, then the angina can occur.
- A thickened or enlarged heart (hypertrophic cardiomyopathy) can develop this particular situation.
- If the sac associated with heart (pericarditis), experiences swelling, then angina may develop.
- Tearing of the aorta (the largest artery in the body) wall can develop this situation.
There are many reasons why the arteries in the heart may be damaged.
The commonest cause is atherosclerosis- hardening of the lining of blood vessels (endothelium), which may form clots or plaques, and eventually, over time may progress to block the blood vessels.
Smoking is a significant contributing factor to blood vessel damage as well as:
- High blood pressure
- Dyslipidemia (high cholesterol/abnormal blood "fat" levels)
- Lack of exercise and sedentary lifestyle
- Genetic factors or a family history of heart disease
- Illicit drug use- cocaine and other stimulants
- Age- men over 45 years and women over 55 years
- Ethnicity- MIs are more common in Caucasian and Indian populations.
People with a combination of the above factors are at highest risk of having a heart attack.
Best Foods With TEROFIB 5 MG INFUSION
Following foods can be consumed when suffering from angina pain after consulting with the doctor:
- Fibre-rich foods: These types of foods help in maintaining a lower cholesterol level and thus prevent chest pain (angina). Such types of foods are beans, oats, peas, barley, apples, citrus, and psyllium.
- Consume lean proteins: Lean proteins such as fish, skinless chicken, and beans are helpful in preventing chest pain (angina).
- Vitamin C rich foods: Consuming vitamin C rich diet helps to keep the cholesterol under control. Good cholesterol level significantly decreases the risk of angina pain. Vitamin C rich foods that one must consume are oranges, grapes, pineapple, broccoli, etc.
- A healthy balanced diet is the most important part of preventing inflammation -the underlying process in atherosclerosis.
- High fibre foods such as fruits and vegetables, whole grain whole wheat grains and unrefined carbohydrates.
- Make sure to drink 2 litres of water a day.
- Maintaining a healthy blood lipid balance. Eat foods that contain unsaturated fatty acids ("healthy fats") such as avocado, nuts, coconut oil and virgin olive oil.
- Use alcohol in moderation. Red wine contains antioxidants that are beneficial in cholesterol (guidelines suggest one to four glasses of red wine/week).
- Teas that contain antioxidants such as green tea or rooibos tea may be beneficial.
Worst Foods With TEROFIB 5 MG INFUSION
Following foods should not be consumed in the case of angina pain:
- Consume less red meat: Red meat, such as lamb, pork, goat, veal, etc. is rich in saturated fat that enhances the cholesterol levels. An individual should try to consume one meat-free meal on a regular basis in order to prevent angina.
- Limit your salt intake: Salt can cause fluid retention that can enhance the blood pressure as well as can worsen chest pain. High sodium foods that one must avoid to reduce the risk of angina are pickles, pizza, etc.
- High-fat food containing unsaturated fatty acids
- If you suffer from high blood pressure avoid foods that contain a high salt content. If you are diabetic, make sure to follow a low-carbohydrate diet and to control your blood sugar.
Do's With Usage of TEROFIB 5 MG INFUSION
What Are The Things One Should Do To Manage Chest pain (angina)
- To protect oneself from angina, following things can be done after consulting with the doctor:
- Before initiating any prolonged physical activity like having intercourse or walking uphill, consider taking nitroglycerin (ask your doctor before taking it).
- Consider Deep breathing: Stress is one of the major causes of angina pain. Therefore, it is important to manage stress. Stress can be released by performing deep breathing.
- Maintain a healthy weight: A healthy weight should be maintained in order to protect the heart. An overweight can force the heart in order to work harder for pumping blood across the body and that can result in an increased blood pressure. It can trigger the chest pain.
- Stop your activity as soon as angina pain is felt: If one experiences angina pain while performing some activity, he/she must immediately discontinue the particular activity and take rest.
- Immediately stand up or sit, if angina is experienced while sleeping or lying. This helps to release the pressure built-up in the heart.
- If you suffer from chronic medical conditions such as diabetes or high blood pressure- make sure they are well controlled.
- Go for an annual checkup to screen for high blood pressure, diabetes and cholesterol.
- Lower your alcohol intake.
- Reduce stress. Use techniques such as mindfulness and meditation. Find counselling to deal with stressful life events.
- Cardiovascular exercise.
Dont's With Usage Of TEROFIB 5 MG INFUSION
What Are The Things One Should Avoid To Manage Chest pain (angina)
To protect oneself from chest pain following things should not be done after consulting with the doctor:
- Do not do heavy exercises: Regular exercising as well as maintaining an active schedule is very important in order to keep the heart as well as blood vessels in a good working condition. Proper exercise can also be helpful in order to lose weight and maintain a healthy blood pressure level. Thus, angina can be prevented. Make sure you don’t do vigorous exercises and it should be conducted under expert guidance as heavy exercise may increase the chances of angina.
- Do not work in an industry that requires vigorous physical activities: Try to change the job, if it requires heavy physical work. As heavy physical work may induce the episodes of angina pain.
- Do not smoke. Smoke is one of the biggest causes of endothelium damage.
- Do not take an MI lightly if you had one. Serious lifestyle changes need to be addressed.
- Do not leave any form of chest pain undiagnosed or untreated.
Other Useful Tips With Usage OfTEROFIB 5 MG INFUSION
If an individual is associated with high cholesterol, high blood pressure, or diabetes, then he/she should take care of the following things in order to prevent angina:
- A healthy blood pressure should be maintained. Lower blood pressure will also be helpful in various other health issues, such as kidney disease, diabetes, heart problems, or stroke.
- Keeping a healthy blood sugar level is also very important for preventing angina.
High dose omega 3, coenzyme Q10, and magnesium decrease inflammation and to help prevent cardiovascular damage. Discuss with your doctor before taking.